What is Contact Juggling? | The Fact Site


During the 1990s, contact juggling continued to receive widespread attention, and many people began to hone the act and start performing it themselves. This led to debates and controversy over whether the intellect copyright of Michael Moschen was being stolen by certain individuals and groups. Books were published teaching people how to contact juggle, and DVDs and magazine began to be circulated, leading to further discussion about whether or not the publishers and promoters were stealing intellectual property.

Contact Juggling – Where is it now?

Even if you’ve never heard the phrase, you’ll have seen contact juggling at some point. Contact jugglers have taken part on popular TV shows, such as America’s Got Talent, while famous international companies such as Cirque du Soleil have employed them in the past to include in their world-famous circus shows.

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Lizzie Robinson has been a freelance writer since 2011. She is currently studying English Literature at university and enjoys sailing & playing the piano in her free time. Lizzie enjoys writing about current issues & business.


30 Fun Facts About Ash Ketchum (Pokémon)


  • Ash Ketchum Facts



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  • Although he has many adoring fans, lots of Pokémon lovers dislike Ash Ketchum as they believe he is a bad Pokémon trainer.
  • However, the fact he has defeated four of the legendary Pokémon means that he has, in fact, had several impressive achievements.
  • It’s difficult to say who the favorite Pokémon of Ash Ketchum would be, since this is never clearly stated in the comics. Most fans believe it is either the famous Pikachu or the loyal Goodra.
  • When Pokémon Go took the world by storm in 2016, Hollywood wanted to produce a live-action movie which would not include Ash Ketchum.
  • The only video game Ash has appeared in is the Pokémon Puzzle League, way back in 2000 when the Nintendo 64 was on the top of everyone’s Christmas list.
  • Although Ash has been compared to the character Red many times, he isn’t strongly based on him. Red was one of the greatest trainers ever, while Ash is a mere mortal!
  • His mother is called Delia Ketchum, but we are never told the name of his father. His mother once wanted to be a Pokémon trainer too, but when she fell pregnant with Ash, started running the family restaurant instead.
  • Veronica Taylor, as well as voicing Ash himself, also voiced his mother Delia for the duration of her time on the show.
  • Clefairy almost became the character that Pokémon fans grew to know and love, but during the development stages, producers thought Pikachu would be a better choice for Ash’s iconic Pokémon.
  • The reason Pikachu became Ash’s main character was because yellow is brighter and more noticeable, particularly since the comic was aimed at children.
  • His was the pitcher on his basketball team, which probably explains his great technique at throwing Pokéballs.
  • Gary Oak wasn’t always the enemy of Ash Ketchum. They used to be very good friends until they had a fight over who would keep a Pokéball.
  • Ash never received a Squirtle since he overslept, and he ended up with Pikachu since this was the only Pokémon left.
  • After winning at the Battle Pyramid, Ash could have become a Frontier Brain, but declined the offer.
  • Ash’s favorite color is dark green.
  • So now you know the most fun facts about Pokémon’s Ash Ketchum – you’ll be amazed at what else you recognize when you go back and watch the series again!

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    Lizzie Robinson has been a freelance writer since 2011. She is currently studying English Literature at university and enjoys sailing & playing the piano in her free time. Lizzie enjoys writing about current issues & business.



    SECURITY OF VoIP versus Traditional Telephony – What are the threats and how to overcome them

    VOIP Security

    WHAT IS PSTN?
    PSTN or POTS which stands for Public Switch Telephone Network is the standard telephone connection to the majority of us today, and has been the sole providing system since the telephone made its way to the users.

    These systems have dedicated lines (circuit switched) and are governed by technical standards created by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU-T).

    WHAT IS VoIP?
    This is a protocol which is optimized for the transmission of voice through the internet. It is referred to as IP telephony, Internet telephony, cvoice over broadband, broadband telephony and broadband phone.

    There is a suite of IP-based communications service and provides multimedia communications over the IP networks (which internet is a part of, but not limited to such).

    VOIP operates over any IP network and not just the internet and it provides a low-cost alternative to PSTN calling system.

    PSTN versus VoIP
    Publich Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) uses a SS7 signaling protocol (Signaling System # 7) and is a circuit-switched network (ATM/Frame relay). It is a pretty expensive infrastructure based system but provides reliable quality of transmission.

    Voice Over IP (VoIP) uses SIP, H.232, RTP and more protocols for its transmission of data. It is a packet switched network system which is based on a converged infrastructure, and has up till now at least a unreliable quality of transmission, and highly dependent upon where you and receiver are located globally, regionally and locally.

    Traditional features we are used to over the telephone systems are call waiting, caller ID, transfer of calls, Three-way calling, conference call capabilities. IN addition to these features VoIP will be able to provide business application integration with for instance tying IP telephony to a Customer Relation Market database (CRM).

    It will also be possible to do calendar integration with desktop applications like MS Outlook for instance.

    You can get detailed information about each caller and use of mobility – “follow-me-service” which makes it possible for users to work from anywhere.

    VoIP benefits are the traditional argument about costs of course, but the scalability of system is a far better argument when it comes to business use of VoIP.

    It provides a simplified network engineering concept and makes it possible to do applications integration.

    MARKET PENETRATION AND USE
    Today there are several alternatives like Skype, Vonage, Google Talk and MS Messenger to mention a few and it is bound to be more available in the years to come, but also the functionalities of existing applications will increase dramatically according to user market.

    Today less than 2% of user market used VoIP in 2005, it increased to aroud 10% in 2009, and is expected to increase to around 18 percent in 2011.

    This increase in market share of VoIP over traditional telephone systems will require systems to handle this amount of users which is expected to be around 300 million users in 2011.

    When we look at the penetration of VoIP in various markets around the world, some interesting facts comes to the surface.

    The market share of VoIP in Japan is estimated to around 62.5% today, as for North America it is estimated to around 16 percent, in France the market share is around 11% and in Italy 4.5 percent. Germany has a market penetration for VoIP of around 2 percent and the Netherlands follows with 1 percent, as for Sweden and Norway they have a market penetration of VoIP of around 0.5% each.

    The U.S VoIP subscribers are spread over 7 major service providers like Comcast , Time Warner, Vonage, Cablevision, Charter, Bright House and 8×8 which is supposedly the largest with around 3.2 million subscribers in the U.S, closely followed by Time Warner and Vonage each with around 2.4 million subscribers.

    In Europe there has been a dramatic increase in households utilizing VoIP as telephone system. We can see the largest penetration in the household market in France with around 48% followed by Netherlands with around 35%. Norway comes in on third place with around 22% as for the other countries lies around 10% each in average.

    IBIS World 2012 estimates that the U.S will have approximately 25.4 million VoIP subscribers in 2012.

    VoIP equipment revenue development from 2007 to 2011 is prognosed to go from 3.5 billion USD to around 8 billion USD by the end of 2011.

    CONCERNS
    There have been raised concerns about VoIP systems amongst users, and especially business clients have been concerned.

    Integrity of systems is one concern as voice quality should be excellent and the availability should be 365/24/7 dial-tone.

    The confidentiality is another concern raised by business users, as all communication should remain confidential.

    Authenticity is a factor ranked high as valid subscribers should be able to access the service provider’s network. And last but not least the regulatory compliance issue is a must. This also makes the need for corporate best practice documentation and routines.

    SECURITY THREATS
    There are security threats to an IP network which VoIP uses. These threats are of a widespread type. It could be denial of service attacks, called DDOS attacks, Spoofing (caller ID), voice alteration (hijacking) and toll fraud (theft of service). All these types of threats can result in the loss of privacy and integrity of users on VoIP.

    You also have the chance of SPIT (Spam over Internet Telephony or VoIP). You will also have the chance of being exposed to advertising that appears in a VoIP voice mailbox.  Then there is the chance of Vishing which is the process of persuading users to reveal personal information.

    SECURITY MEASURES
    So, certain security measures need to take place before serious business use of VoIP systems can take place.

    Use of Encryption and VPN systems will become a necessity as well as the use of Digital Certificates. There needs to be a separate VoIP network from the data network in a company or in a household. Computer systems need to have installation of Intrusion Prevention Systems and Firewalls. Use of Session Border Controllers (threshold policy rules) will have to take place. There is a need to implement a campaign to make awareness on using high-risk programs that expose the company or household to outside attacks.

    To day, not a single virus is reported that is specific to attack or infect the VoIP packets. However, this will come without a shadow of a doubt.

    30 Surprising Facts About Microsoft


    • Surprising Facts About Microsoft



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  • Sonoma County California was the location of the most famous Windows desktop backgrounds; the field with a blue sky or “Bliss” to give its official name, the photo was taken in 1996.
  • To keep up with Google, Microsoft has an army of very virile rabbits wandering around its Corporate Campus after a load was dumped many years ago.
  • The well-known and frequently played PC time waster Solitaire was actually given as a game for quite an interesting reason. The game is based on a premise that the user drags the cards to the relevant match, in turn educating a user on how to ‘drag and drop’.
  • The arrest photo of Gates actually forms the outline for the default picture option in Outlook 2010.
  • In 2014, the Surface Pro was set to become the NFL official tablet but the deal became a flop when commentators kept calling them their Apple counterpart.
  • After an unfortunate naming abbreviation mishap in Windows 98 with the Critical Update Notification Tool, the program was renamed to Utility to form CUNU.
  • In 2014 Bing, the Microsoft search engine, accurately predicted that the World Cup Final would be Argentina v Germany.
  • Former CEO Steve Ballmer said in 2011 that he found it hard for him to become excited when it came to Android devices.
  • Microsoft only have an estimated 25% of the stores worldwide when compared to their biggest competitor; Apple.
  • In 1992, the first ever Windows virus became prevalent; WinVer 1.4 but this virus was not the first PC ever, this came much earlier in 1986.
  • A man named Bob and Microsoft came to an agreement over internet domains after Bob owned “windows2000.com” and Microsoft owned “Bob.com”.
  • Microsoft’s Encyclopaedic software; Encarta was discontinued in 2009, it was codenamed Gandalf and its demise is often accounted to Wikipedia.
  • According to legend, when Microsoft released its browser Internet Explorer 4, some employees went over to Netscape HQ and placed a huge IE logo in their water fountain.
  • Microsoft has acquired an impressive 190+ companies in its life span to date including Nokia which was purchased for almost $8 billion in 2014!
  • Windows XP was officially released back in 2001. Microsoft ended their support for CP in April 2014, but still roughly 30% of all PC’s still use Windows XP.
  • So there we have it, 30 facts about this technological juggernaut, a company that has its finger in every flavour of techy pie from mobile devices and PC’s to search engines and billion dollar business, they really do know their stuff!

    Whatever you think of the Microsoft vs Apple debacle, like Apple, you do have to give Microsoft the due in terms of ability and sheer impressive stature.  As always, don’t take your eyes off them, they will release something new or wondrous soon I’m sure.

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    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He’s been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software & support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or factually interesting.



    The Sleep Habits of Your Favorite Animals [Infographic]

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    For humans, sleep is just as essential to our well-being as getting the right amount of food and water each day.

    Aside of the odd sleepwalker, we all tend to get our 40 winks pretty similarly, aiming for the recommended 8 hours per night. However, we’re one of the only creatures on planet Earth to do so.

    When you begin to take a look at sleeping habits across the animal kingdom, you start to see just how diverse it is!

    A new infographic, created by sleepypeople.com, presents lots of weird and wonderful sleeping habits of animals, from a house cats to giraffes. Check out the sleeping habits of your favorite animals below!

    The Sleep Habits Of Your Favourite Animals Infographic

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    Luke Ward is the founder of The Fact Site. He’s a professional blogger & researcher with over 8 years experience in fact finding, SEO, web design & other internet wizardry. He loves to write about celebs, gaming, film & TV.



    The A-Z of Global Halloween Traditions


    H is for Hong Kong – Using their famous destinations such as Disneyland, Hong Kong likes to put on a big show for its residents and visitors by decorating large shopping centers and points of interest with Halloween-themed décor.

    I is for Iceland – Children in this Scandinavian country are seen dressing up as witches, wizards, vampires, ghosts and many other spooky costumes in the lead-up to Halloween. The popular American Bar in Reykjavik hosts an annual American-themed party, alongside many other bars and clubs in the capital.

    J is for Japan – The people of Japan like to do things slightly different when it comes to a lot of things, and they are opposed to following the traditional celebrations of Halloween, such as trick-or-treating. As would be expected, however, cosplay is a big feature in Japan when October rolls around, and there are street festivals and parties to celebrate.

    K is for Kenya – Less so in the suburbs, but in the large cities such as Nairobi, Kenyan people love a good Halloween party. The restaurants and large shopping malls put on large Halloween displays, while cinemas offer free showings of spooky movies.

    L is for Lithuania – In Lithuania, the citizens believe the year is divided into two halves – the light half and the dark half. The date where these two halves meet is 31st October. Children play fight pretending one person is the light half and the other is the dark.

    M is for the Maldives – If you visit Malta during Halloween season, you’ll find restaurants decorated with cobwebs and public festivals where you can participate in spooky games such as apple bobbing.

    N is for the Netherlands – There’s something for everyone in the Netherlands on Halloween. Whether you want to take part in the scary Zombiewalk in Rotterdam or the Halloween Festival in Amsterdam, you’ll find celebrations up and down the country, including at the famous Keukenhof Castle.

    O is for Oman – In this country, it’s easy to find a Halloween party, usually including live music, fun party games, decorations and spooky-themed food!

    P is for Puerto Rico – Locals of San Juan look forward to the Yellow Halloween event, which takes place every year on October 31st. International artists came from all over the world, and the concert is sold out days in advance.

    Q is for Quebec – This Canadian province certainly knows how to celebrate Halloween. It’s traditional to say ‘La charité s’il-vous-plaît’, which is Canadian French for ‘Happy Halloween’!

    R is for Romania – The Romanian region of Transylvania is buzzing with Halloween parties and events during October. While other parts of the country don’t celebrate it as much, adults get involved in the parties and people of all ages enjoy street festivals.

    S is for Spain – Spanish people enjoy eating chestnuts during the Halloween period, and making their own spooky food called Huesos de santo – Spanish for ‘saint bones’.

    T is for Thailand – Halloween is only celebrated in the larger cities of Thailand, such as Bangkok, where the locals often throw parties and dress up as spooky characters. However, it’s difficult to find pumpkins and people in the villages avoid too much celebration for fear of angering the spirits.

    U is for Uganda – The West has had a big influence on the countries of Africa over the years, so if you visit cities such as Kampala during October, you’ll see young children showing off their face painting skills and pumpkins galore for carving and decorating.

    V is for Vietnam – During recent years, Vietnam has become a popular tourist attraction as well as a great host of Halloween celebrations. Parties take place all across the cities, and a popular feature is the presence of pop-up face painters, who are ready to help you get dressed up last minute!

    W is for Wales – Seen to be the first day of winter, Nos Galan Gaeaf is more than just a day for Halloween celebrations – it’s the last day of autumn and the birth of the colder season. Paying homage to the famous Welsh dragon, the people of Wales love to carve pumpkins in the shape of dragons.

    X is for Xalapa – …in Mexico! As we all know, the Mexicans love dressing up and they love their street festivals even more. You’ll be able to buy candles, jack-o-lanterns and many more Halloween supplies as you walk the streets and take part in the superb celebrations.

    Y is for Yemen – The people of Yemen don’t pay much attention to the traditional date of Halloween on October 31st, but during Ramadan, the children in the large Muslim community of this country participate in trick-or-treating!

    Z is for Zimbabwe – Children don’t go trick-or-treating here since there is plenty of unsafe wildlife out at night time, but that doesn’t stop them taking part in Halloween celebrations. It’s common to see people of all ages come together to throw a party and play games.

    Read More…

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    Lizzie Robinson has been a freelance writer since 2011. She is currently studying English Literature at university and enjoys sailing & playing the piano in her free time. Lizzie enjoys writing about current issues & business.


    30 Interesting Facts About King Henry VIII


    • 30 Facts About King Henry the Eighth



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  • Henry wrote a number of songs, with his most well-known song being “Pastime With Good Company”. He also wrote “En vray amoure” and “Helas Madam”.
  • Henry VIII made boiling a legal form of capital punishment.
  • He improved the navy, partly by investing in large cannon to replace smaller serpentines in warships. He was also responsible for creating a permanent navy.
  • Henry had a collection of weapons, which included 6,500 handguns. He also slept with a gigantic axe beside him.
  • Anne Boleyn, his second wife, is rumored to have had an extra finger on her right hand. This may be a misconception for a few reasons however, for example when Boleyn’s burial site was exhumed none of the several bodies that were examined were found to have an extra finger.
  • Between 1536 and 1541, Henry VIII disbanded monasteries and other Catholic religious houses and appropriated their income. The monks who surrendered were rewarded, while those few who resisted were executed.
  • Henry’s last words were allegedly “Monks! Monks! Monks!” This seems pretty strange at face value, but makes more sense when you consider the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
  • A common misconception about Henry is that he wrote the song Greensleeves, when in reality this is unlikely.
  • Henry VIII founded the Anglican Church by breaking away from the Catholic Church mainly because the Pope refused to grant Henry an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
  • King Henry VIII gambled and played dice.
  • Henry was gifted a bear by the King of Norway, described a ‘white bear’. It was probably a polar bear, and was allowed to swim and hunt fish in the Thames on a long leash.
  • Late in Henry’s life, he became obese as a result of not being able to exercise as much because of a bad jousting accident, which reopened and worsened a previous injury he had incurred earlier in his life.
  • Henry’s courtiers wore heavily padded clothing to emulate Henry in the later stage of his life when he put on weight.
  • Henry’s waist size was 54 inches in the obese stage of his life.
  • In August 1527, John Rut – an English mariner – sent the first known letter overseas from Newfoundland to King Henry VIII.
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    Luke Ward is the founder of The Fact Site. He’s a professional blogger & researcher with over 8 years experience in fact finding, SEO, web design & other internet wizardry. He loves to write about celebs, gaming, film & TV.



    Twenty-Four Facts About The Number 24


    • Twenty-Four Facts About the Number 24



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  • There are 24 elements that make up the human body; there are also 24 coasts in the human thoracic cage.
  • In terms of wedding anniversaries, the 24th is actually earthenware i.e. clay pots or glazed pottery.
  • In the Christian Bible, the number 24 is used a total of 20 times, and funnily enough the number 600 is used 24 times.
  • There is a total of 204 episodes in the Keifer Sutherland U.S. series 24.
  • The coveted 24 hour Le Mans Race runs for, as the name suggests, 24 hours. A continuous endurance race started in 1923 and has risen to one of the top races in the world.
  • A person who stays up for 24 hours straight enters a state of almost being drunk, after staying awake for an entire day you’re reaction levels are as if your blood alcohol is 0.1% which is above the drink drive limit.
  • Ralph Lauren was in the army until he was 24 years old and left to join legendary clothing brand Brooks Brothers.
  • A 24 sided polygon is quite the sight to see but what do we call it? A 24-sided shape is actually called an icosikaitera.
  • Nicopolis was founded in 24BC by Caesar Augustus; the previously Egyptian city now resides in Greece and lasted for over 7 centuries.
  • 24 is a common number in records, it’s the age of the oldest cat, the most steins carried by a German barmaid and the time limit for over 1,000 world records.
  • What do the Avocado, Rice and Grasshopper have in common? They all have 24 pairs of chromosomes.
  • Portugal is the 24th best country in the entire world according to a global poll, with Switzerland topping the list.
  • So there we have it, you once thought of the 24 as a humble number, wedged between a plethora of others but now you know the symbolism and respect this number deserves.

    From the Bible to the basketball field, the astronomic to the astrologic, this figure is one of the most important numbers in the world and wherever you look it seems to creep up and surprise you. Try it, keep your eye out and see how many times you see this 2 digit wonder.

    Avatar for Dan Lewis


    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He’s been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software & support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or factually interesting.



    5 Fascinating Facts About Saturn’s Rings


    The rings of our favorite gas giant are actually named in alphabetical order based on the time they were discovered, to date the rings have only reached G but working from the planet out, the letters go D, C, B, A, F, G, E with the D ring being a very faint ring and the E ring capable of fitting almost 2 billion Mars’. Most of these are very close together, this is with one exception, B and A, these rings are 2,920 miles (4,700 km) apart and is down to a phenomenon known as the Cassini Division.

    For such enormous rings they’re relatively small, as mentioned before the largest ring span 200 times that of the diameter of Saturn but the average ring is only around 100 yards thick. This ultra-thin nature is caused by the particles striking together and dropping down as those particles at the top tend to have a lot more energy than those closer to the ring’s center. As these particles crash the energy is lost and they drop lower into the ring giving it a thinner range.

    When Saturn’s rings were first discovered in 1610 by every astronomer’s old friend Galileo, he thought they looked more like ears or handles than rings. It took almost 50 years for the real discovery of Saturn to become apparent when in 1656 Christiaan Huygens discovered the ears weren’t in fact arm-like but circled the planet in a thin ring. As the years went on, we learned more and more about our gaseous friend, including the fact that the ‘thin ring’ mentioned was actually a range of rings.

    Saturn’s rings were obviously not enough of a scientific mystery for the powers that be, because they decided to create a phenomenon known as “Spokes”. These Spokes are strange markings that appear across the rings in minutes and last a few hours at most before disappearing. They were first recognized by the Voyager Spacecraft and again in 1981 by Voyager 2. The markings themselves are stopped from forming if sunlight hits the rings, a feature that baffled the Cassini craft in 2004 as they were photographing the rings when they were in the sun.

    So there we have it, from spokes to spacing, there really is a plethora of interesting facts about the wondrous rusty colored rings surrounding Saturn, and that’s just the information we know, I can guarantee in the next 50 years there will be plenty more facts and figures released to us mere public that’ll amuse and bemuse us further.

    Avatar for Dan Lewis


    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He’s been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software & support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or factually interesting.


    21 Interesting Facts About Graffiti


    • Fun Facts About Graffiti



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  • While graffiti is mostly illegal wherever you go, there are about 1,650 legal graffiti walls around the world.
  • “Yarn Bombing” is technically a form of graffiti which originated in Texas. It consists of covering objects, structures, or trees with decorative knitted or crocheted material.
  • The first known example of “modern style” graffiti is found in the ancient Greek city of Ephesus. The graffiti shows a handprint that somewhat resembles a heart, along with a footprint and a number. It is thought that this indicated that a brothel was nearby.
  • A “Heaven spot” is a piece of graffiti done in an area that’s hard to reach such as a rooftop or overpass. The name has a double meaning – one because it’s so high up that it’s towards the “heavens.” The other meaning refers to the fact that it is often a serious challenge in a dangerous location, and in case of an accident, the artist could die and “go to heaven.”
  • Graffiti writers have what’s called a “black book”, which is a sketch book where they draw and plan out prospective graffiti artwork. Writers use their black books to fine tune their style and retain any ideas they may have for potential future use as a graffiti piece.
  • Graffiti used to be a term used to refer to inscriptions and figure drawings found on the walls of ancient ruins, like Pompeii or the Roman Catacombs. The eruption of Mount Vesuvius preserved the graffiti in Pompeii.
  • The earliest forms of graffiti were found on ancient Roman architecture as images carved onto walls.
  • The first known graffiti artist was Mr. Darryl McCray, street named Cornbread. In the late 1960’s, he and a group of friends started tagging their nicknames on walls around Philadelphia, which instigated the modern graffiti movement.
  • Graffiti bombing is when a large graffiti piece is put up over a short period of time. Train bombing is one common form, where a group of writers will quickly cover a train in graffiti before the authorities arrive.
  • There is a difference between graffiti and street art. In graffiti, the writers are generally not interested in the public understanding their work, instead they use it to speak to other writers. Street art is used to engage everyone.
  • People who are new to graffiti are called toys. Those with more experience and respect among other writers are called kings or queens.
  • Avatar for Michelle Gabriel


    Michelle Gabriel is a freelance writer and blogger and currently loving it! Her primary focus and passion is traveling, which she does full time and continues to be her preferred topic when composing articles.