10 Facts About Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia

  • Top 10 Facts About Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia

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  • The Sunshine Coast was originally named Near North Coast. For eight long years people petitioned to have the name changed, and they succeeded in 1966.
  • The Coast has the largest number of organic, meditation and yoga stores, as well as juice-cleansing bars when compared to other regions in the entire country. This fact has never been officially confirmed, however, most local tend to agree with it.
  • The world’s second largest rock is called Mount Coolum and is found in the Sunshine Coast. The largest rock is called Uluru or Ayers Rock and lies in the southern part of the Northern Territory. The Aborigines have an old legend which states that all couples who climb Mount Coolum together will end up breaking up as a result of an ancient curse.
  • Queensland is home to one the oldest know dinosaur footprints in the entire world. They are located in Winton, an outback town located 110 miles (177 km) northwest of Longreach.
  • The Sunshine Coast is also home to the most photographed pub in the whole of Australia. The pub is called Ettamogah Pub, which means “place of good drinking” in native Aboriginal. The G1 Property Mooloolaba experts recommend you visit it along with the Mooloolaba beach and enjoy a day relaxing in the sun.
  • We hope these facts are more than enough to convince you to come and visit the Sunshine Coast and enjoy some of the numerous wonders it has to offer.

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    Luke Ward is the founder of The Fact Site. He’s a professional blogger & researcher with over 8 years experience in fact finding, SEO, web design & other internet wizardry. He loves to write about celebs, gaming, film & TV.

    26 Spicy Facts About Cinnamon

    • 26 Spicy Facts About Cinnamon

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  • The biggest cinnamon bun ever was a whopping 118.8kg (almost 19 stone) and was created in Washington, US on the 10th February 2006.
  • Cinnamon is supposedly helpful in the fight against degenerative brain disorders like Alzheimer’s as it activates protective proteins that help stop mutation and damage to cells.
  • A year’s supply of cinnamon was actually burned at the funeral of Roman Emperor Nero’s wife after he killed her as a way of showing his remorse.
  • Ceylon produces that much cinnamon that in the 17th Century the Portuguese and the Dutch started a war over the island.
  • Cinnamons flavor strength actually comes from the chemicals cinnamaldehyde and cinnamic aldehyde.
  • An oil extracted from cinnamon, eugenol, has been used as a local anesthetic and antiseptic by dentists.
  • Spanish researchers have managed to develop a paper that keeps bread fresher for longer, possibly even up to 10 days, with cinnamon oil.
  • Use of cinnamon sticks can actually lead to mouth ulcers and gum swelling, which makes me question its antiseptic properties for dentists.
  • Cinnamon contains 100 times more TE or Trolox equivalents than Apples; this is the measurement of Oxygen radical absorbance.
  • October 4th is actually the National Cinnamon Roll day in Sweden.
  • Coli 0157 is an awful bacterium that can actually be defeated almost 100% by cinnamon. An American study found 99.5% of the bug was killed when added to a teaspoon of cinnamon at room temperature in 3 days.
  • Pepsi-Fire is a new fireball-whiskey-like creation from the soft drink giant. The cinnamon flavored beverage is supposedly horrendous with some describing it as “unexpected and not in a good way”.
  • In 2017 a cat took the internet by storm when it was recorded attempting to steal a full sized cinnamon bun.
  • Whether you hate it or love it, cinnamon is a hard-hitting health ally fighting off everything from a common cold to brain degrading illnesses. The humble brown stick can it seems, flavor your porridge and cure you.

    As I said, I love cinnamon but even I think Pepsi-Fire sounds awful – no one wants to combine cinnamon with something completely absurd like soda or chewing gum for that matter. I’m sure in the future, further wonders will be revealed of this spice and I’m going to try using it more often if it packs this much of a punch.

    Avatar for Dan Lewis

    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He’s been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software & support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or factually interesting.

    25 Incredible Facts About Albert Einstein

    • 25 Incredible Facts About Albert Einstein

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  • A document focusing on the scientists association with pacifists and socialists was collated by the FBI in 1933; it stood a whopping 1,427 pages high.
  • Edgar Hoover tried to keep Einstein out of the country only to be overruled by the U.S. State Department.
  • As Einstein neared the end of his life in 1952, the scientist was actually given the opportunity to become president of Israel but being his usual pacifist self, he turned the job down.
  • Even though he will be remembered for his work with relativity, Einstein received his Nobel for his work with the Photoelectric effect.
  • In New York – buried away in a safe box – lies Einstein’s eyeballs after they were given to Henry Adams; the scientists eye doctor.
  • Einstein’s wrinkles and eyes appeared in Star Wars after the make-up supervisor responsible for Yoda based the features on the visionary.
  • Einstein loved to smoke; he smoked a pipe and claimed that it helps calm and focus a man.
  • Like The Big Bang Theory’s Sheldon Cooper, Albert Einstein refused to learn to drive.
  • Einstein started tutoring youngsters around the turn of the century as his financial situation became so poor.
  • For 20 years from 1913 to 1933, Einstein was director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics.
  • Einstein Syndrome is the condition of delayed speech in those who are gifted. It was discovered by Dr. Thomas Sowell.
  • Albert had mastered calculus by the tender age of 15.
  • A man who worked on his ideas until the day he died, a man who focused every minute of his life to science and discovery. Even his greatest blunder turned out to be revolutionary.

    Whether you class the man as a crazy, deluded domestic abuser, or a scientific god among men responsible for almost every major breakthrough in the physics world, you have to respect the sheer intelligence and brilliance that was Albert Einstein.

    Avatar for Dan Lewis

    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He’s been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software & support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or factually interesting.

    40 Fun Facts About Jack Gilinsky

    • Jack Gilinsky Facts

    • 40 Facts About Jack Gilinsky

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  • The Jack’s single, Doing It Right made it to number 7 on the US Hip Hop chart, putting them with the likes of DJ Khaled, Kendrick Lamar and Childish Gambino.
  • In June 2014, Jack graduated from Omaha Westside High School.
  • After the Magcon tour, the Jack’s went to Los Angeles to work on their headline tour, DigiTour Jack and Jack. 14 out of the 18 shows completely sold out.
  • In December 2014, following the duo’s headline tour, a full-length documentary movie of their tour was released online by DigiTour Media.
  • In 2015, Jack & Jack made their TV debut after appearing on ABC singing Tides on their popular show The View.
  • When asked which artist is his biggest inspiration on Ask FM he chose Picasso.
  • Jack is a big NSync fan, after given the choice of NSync or Backstreet Boys, his answer was “NSync forever, no competition”.
  • Over 75% of the music Jack has released has appeared on an array of Billboard Charts.
  • In March 2015 Jack and his co-star sang on one of the biggest stages in the UK; Wembley Arena, in London.
  • The Instagram account @thelifeofcub was made for Jack’s Pomeranian-Maltese-husky Libby, Jack captioned one photo “Finally got this little guy an account of his own”.
  • On 24th July 2015, Jack & Jack’s first EP, Calibraska hit number 1 on the iTunes charts within hours of its release.
  • In September 2016, Jack Gilinsky was arrested for “accidentally” walking out an airport store with a sweatshirt without paying for it. After the manager refused to let Jack pay for the items, the police was called. Jack’s other half (Jack Johnson) started the Twitter hashtag #freegilinsky, which was trending in the US. Gilinksky was released 4 hours later.
  • Jack & Jack released a very strange iPhone App called Let it Goat, a free platform game which seems to combine many of the favorite Appstore classics including Mario, Temple Run and numerous others.
  • Jack Gilinksy & Madison Beer have been dating since summer 2014. They announced their relationship to fans during the Comedy Central Roast of Justin Bieber in March 2015. Generally, they keep their relationship very private.
  • At DigiTour 2015 and CitiField, Jack & Jack took to the stage alongside other acts including Trevor Moran & Demi Lovato.
  • In September 2016, Jack & Jack met up with fans for the debut of their first book “You Don’t Know Jacks”. The book is an inside look at their lives, as told by the guys themselves.
  • Jack Gilinksy has abs. He often posts topless photos on his Instagram.
  • For 2016, Jack let his girlfriend Madison do his Halloween makeup.
  • Jack & Madison have a pet dog called Cub.
  • His Snapchat, Twitter & Instagram profile names is jackgilinsky.
  • Whatever your opinion of this musical YouTuber, you have to give the guy some respect, if not for his personality then solely for his musical ability and his entrepreneurial success.

    Avatar for Dan Lewis

    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He’s been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software & support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or factually interesting.

    30 Surprising Facts About Vans

    • Vans Footwear Facts

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    If you’ve ever followed an American success story, then the story of the company, Vans is just what you’re looking for. This streetwear shoe & apparel manufacturer is now celebrating its years of popularity of supplying the most innovative and well received sportswear on the market. Today one will find Vans shoes and other products the favorite of sports celebrities, top musicians, and spotlighted persons all over the world. The brand name has become synonymous with durability and subtle design and one can find a type of shoe or other merchandise for any occasion.

    Considering the company started out very small and had lots of competition, a lack of support, and barely enough resources to operate, it has proven itself a vanguard of independent entrepreneurship that fairy tales are made of. The creators have become legends in several areas most notably the skateboarding industry and sport. They represent that sort of pioneer spirit that folk tales are made of.

    Now, men, women, boys and girls, can choose from a wide variety of Vans products as the lines have expanded over the years. Well made, keenly designed, Vans is a staple of American apparel. Here are 30 surprising facts about Vans!

    1. The company was originally founded by brothers Paul and Jim Van Doren. They had two partners along with them, Gordon Lee and Serge Delia.
    2. Vans was founded on March 16, 1966 and opened at 704 E. Broadway in Anaheim California.
    3. The first day of opening, only 12 customers showed up.
    4. The first 12 customers were asked to return later in the day to pick up their shoes as a problem had arisen. They did but the brothers hadn’t any change and then asked the 12 customers to return the next day to pay, and all 12 did.
    5. Their most celebrated shoe is the Vans #95, aka Era, which was designed by skateboarding legends Tony Alva and Stacy Peralta.
    6. In 1997 the Vans #36 debuted as the Old Skool and are considered the hallmark shoe of the entire brand.
    7. The Vans #98, the classic slip-on line became so popular that its silhouette has become the iconic logo for the company.
    8. Multiple Academy Award winning actor Sean Penn, made the Vans slip-on shoes internationally popular when he wore them in his performance in the now classic comedy “Fast Times At Ridgemont High”.
    9. In 1991, Vans offered public stocks. They debuted on the NASDAQ at $14 per share.
    10. In Autumn of 1993, Vans introduced their first Vans Snowboard Boot for the Winter 1994 season.
    11. In 2001, Vans bought controlling interest in the Vans Warped Tour, America’s top action sports and music venue festival.
    12. Legends Marc Jacobs and Trovata are the designers of the Vault By Vans sneaker combinations.
    13. Legendary pro skater Anthony Van Engelen is the first person rider for Vans Apparel.
    14. The Vans + The Simpsons merchandise series, features cartoons from the popular animated show and art from such popular designers as Dave Flores, Geoff McFetridge, Stash, Kaws, Sam Messner, Mr. Cartoon, Taka Hayashi, Tony Munoz, Todd James, and none other than Neckface.
    15. Pro surfer Joel Tudor is the first surfer to sign on with Vans’ apparel program.
    16. Vans actually has produced movies! Their first ever surf flick is called ‘Get-N Classic, Vol. 1‘ and showcases Joel Tudor, John Florence, the Vans surf team & Australian, Wade Goodall.
    17. Vans first full-length documentary movie is called ‘No Room for Rockstars‘.
    18. Vans actually has a vulcanized cupsole called Wafflecup. A special technological blend of durability of said cupsole and advanced board-feel and grip of the traditional Vans vulcanized shoe.
    19. Super rock band Metallica has their own line of Vans shoes. Each member of the band designed their own shoe.
    20. Vans is also a partner with Disney using such iconic Disney characters as Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck and Winnie the Pooh.
    21. Vans has a 42,000 square foot skate park in Huntington Beach, California.
    22. Vans also has a partnership with the Beatles franchise. The Beatles Yellow Submarine by Vans collection spotlights the vintage art of the animated movie, The Yellow Submarine.
    23. Vans has a line of merchandise based on the Star Wars franchise trilogy.
    24. Vans also has a scholarship in partnership with the Berkley College of Music. The Berkley College of Music is one of the world’s foremost educational facilities focusing on modern contemporary music.  The scholarship is called the Off The Wall Scholarship.
    25. In October 2015, Vans opened a skate park called the Lynch Family Skate park in Boston.
    26. Vans celebrated 50 years of operation on March 16, 2016.
    27. As of early 2017, Vans is worth a staggering a $1.2 billion.
    28. Vans is the title sponsor of the US Open of Surfing in Hunting Beach, California.
    29. Vans also has a skate park in the UK at London in the Old Vic Tunnes called House of Vans.
    30. It was in 1988 that owners Paul Van Doren and Gordon C Lee sold Vans to McCown De Leeuw & Company at a price tag of $74.4 million.

    Avatar for Luke Ward

    Luke Ward is the founder of The Fact Site. He’s a professional blogger & researcher with over 8 years experience in fact finding, SEO, web design & other internet wizardry. He loves to write about celebs, gaming, film & TV.

    The Life and Death of the Concorde

    4 November 1970

    The Concorde 002 is born, and the Mach 2 barrier is broken. In 1970 the Concorde finally reached one of Britain’s biggest airports; Heathrow.

    1 June 1972

    The Concorde starts a tour of Australia, the UAE and other countries to complete a 45,000 mile sales tour of the world.

    26 September 1973

    The 002 Concorde crosses the Atlantic for the first time, going from Washington to Paris in just over 3 and half hours.

    6 December 1973

    The maiden flight of the first ever production Concorde was carried out, the 201 made in Toulouse took to the skies and hit Mach 1.57 or 1,205 miles per hour!

    21 January 1976

    From London to Bahrain, captained by Norman Todd, the first flight of BA (British Airways) first ever Concorde took to the skies. The plane had only arrived a few days earlier to Filton, Bristol. This flight was a live TV broadcast.

    21 January 1981

    Celebrating its 5th birthday, the Concorde’s magnificence is starting to be appreciated. With an astounding record of over 700,000 passengers, 50,000 flying hours and over 15,800 flights, the craft is given its rightful place as one of the best planes of all time.

    31 March 1984

    The British Government decide their involvement in Concorde has been too intense and left all funding and decision making almost solely down to BA.

    13 July 1985

    The power and reliability of the Concorde is proven by Phil Collins after he uses the service to fly from the U.S. Concert on the very same day to Live Aid Charity concert in the U.K.

    1 November 1986

    After celebrating its first decade of commercial flights in the January, Concorde went on to complete its first round the world charter flight in an astounding 1 day, 7 hours and 51 minutes.

    25 March 1993

    The first female pilot takes the reins; Barbara Harmer. She flew from the U.K. to JFK in the U.S. later that year.

    7 February 1996

    Trans-Atlantic flight records were about to be broken with the Concorde managing the flight in 172 minutes and 59 seconds.

    11 August 1999

    2 Concorde’s managed a visually mind-blowing feat of chasing the sun’s total eclipse as they fly in supersonic formation.

    25 July 2000

    This was an awful day in the history of the Concorde. On this day in Paris, France, Air France’s Concorde crashes and kills 113 people.

    15 August 2000

    The first toll of Concorde’s death, BA announces that it would stop flying Concorde’s. This decision was made that quickly that it even caused one craft to be stopped mid take-off following the craft’s Airworthiness certificate being revoked.

    21 January 2001

    A day filled with mixed emotions for many Concorde fans, it was just a short while after their favorite aircraft was knocked from the skies, and yet it was its 25 year anniversary of commercial flight.

    7 November 2001

    The return of the Concorde. After a lengthy and very pricey safety improvement drive from the team over at Concorde, the plane hit the skies as a commercial jet once again.

    12 January 2002

    The Paris crash results are in, the French Accident Investigation Bureau say that the cause of the incident was a chunk of rubber, caused by a stray strip of metal puncturing a tire, had shot up into the fuel tank and caused a leak.

    10 April 2003

    British Airways and Air France start ringing the definitive final bell. Both companies agree to retire the craft after the commercial flight numbers dropped which was in doubt due to the Paris crash.

    31 May 2003

    Air France had their last Concorde flight from JFK to Paris’ Charles De Gaulle Airport. All the French Concorde’s are on display around the world. In the October, the last BA Concorde flight took place.

    10 March 2005

    Paris’ dreadful crash is brought back into the limelight when Continental Airlines are put under investigation. They of course deny and wrongdoing and say the fire wasn’t caused by the strip itself claiming they made no errors.

    6 December 2010

    Continental Airlines could be forced to pay $1.2 million (£910,000) to Air France for damaging the airlines reputation and a further compensation payment to all those involved.

    29 November 2012

    Continental Airlines are in the Versailles appeals court and are deemed to have no criminal responsibility for the Paris crash as there was no link between the strip and the fire.

    7 February 2017

    Concorde 216 is given pride and place at the Aerospace Bristol’s special hanger near Filton Airfield. A joint operation between BA and Airbus engineers, the craft was dragged up the ramp and left to bask in the glory and history of this wonderful plane.

    So there we have it, one of the most awe inspiring crafts of the late 20th century from anywhere in the world dragged through the mud in its final years all down to the existence of a strip of metal and a definitely appalling crash.

    We must remember this craft for the technological amazement but also the questions that were raised and those lives lost on that fateful day in Paris. Whatever happened, you have to agree that the craft itself was unbelievable as a visit to one of Air France’s is definitely on the horizon.

    Top 30 Interesting Facts About Toucans

    • Top 30 Interesting Facts About Toucans

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  • Even with the destruction of their habitat, the biggest threat these birds face is the pet trade, the colorful nature make them very appealing but it threatens their numbers.
  • The bird actually has a serrated edge to their beak designed to act as a way of handling food, very much like a knife.
  • The inside of a beak is made of bone whereas the outer beak itself is actually made of Keratin.
  • A combination of colors is possible for the color of a toucan’s beak, not the conventional orange we all know. They can be brown, red, green, yellow or even black.
  • Unlike almost every other bird, these actually become noisier as the day progresses with the late afternoon being their preferred period for calling.
  • When Europeans first arrived in the Americas, it is said that the toucan was actually one of the first birds they would have seen.
  • Belize has the rainbow-billed toucan as its national bird.
  • One close relative to the toucan is actually the woodpecker not the hornbill as they’re often mistakenly linked to.
  • A baby toucan is actually called a chick.
  • In 2015 a social media storm was caused when a toucan was viciously attacked by Costa Rican teens. The bird had its beak badly damaged and caused Costa Rican animal law to be put under scrutiny.
  • Humans, snakes and jaguars are supposedly the biggest predators to the toucan.
  • The toucan doesn’t actually use its wings to fly very far. Due to their tiny size, the wings act more as a glider to take them short distances, preferring to hop tree to tree rather than fly.
  • Guinness, the black stout, has the toucan as one of their logos after an advertising hunt in 1935 for a logo was ended when S.H. Benson visited the zoo and created the famous toucan.
  • There is a constellation named after the wonderful bird, the Tucana has most of the small magellanic cloud inside it.
  • Dora the Explorer would often get advice from her Spanish friend Senior Toucan.
  • So there we have, if a body regulating and air cooled beak isn’t impressive enough, the fact it has its own constellation surely is. Whatever you think about the humble toucan, even with its disproportionate physique you can’t deny that isn’t a very magnificent bird.

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    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He’s been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software & support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or factually interesting.

    18 Facts About the Indestructible Nokia 3310

    • Facts About the Nokia 3310

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  • The 3310 really did break the mold in a range of ways, when it came to messaging the Nokia outdid all its rivals by having a messaging character limit of an unbelievable 459, that’s 3 times the normal limit for that era. The standard today is 160 characters.
  • The 3310 quite rightly holds the title of indestructible, if you drop a modern phone they’ll instantly shatter into a million pieces (or at least it feels that way). The 3310 has been run over by a train, dropped from eye-watering heights and even faced power tools and still prevailed.
  • Nokia were one of the first cell phone providers to offer the earliest version of an autocorrect system called predictive text input. Pressing a key gave a list of options, making messaging easy, but for many this functionality was infuriating, so documentation was released on how to turn it off.
  • When the iPhone went on sale it sold a colossal 25 million units, or you would say its colossal until someone tells you the Nokia 3310 sold over 400% more, at a whopping 126 million units!
  • The 3310 had one of the widest range of covers available to it, quite literally thousands. Made by an array of companies, the Xpress-On covers were a great way to show a person’s character and really make you look cool.
  • In the UK, The Sun newspaper released an amazing story of a man who had bought a 3310 when they first came out back in 2000 and now, 17 years on, the Yorkshireman is still using his trusty favorite and doesn’t even care about its technological inferiority.
  • The minimalist 3310 was designed at the Nokia Site in Copenhagen, Denmark with a strong focus on suiting to people’s needs, not forcing them to adopt a new way of life like many other big brands of the day were doing. Just look at the simplistic display and layout to realize this is true.
  • In 2012, the innocent Nokia became wrapped up in a violent riot. A Protestor in Jakarta, Indonesia, complaining about the abhorrent price of fuel, used the sturdy piece of tech as a projectile launching it at police.
  • The Nokia 3310 was the first phone to allow a user to internet chat, a daydream to most teens of the time. Debuted at numerous concerts worldwide, this little feature really did draw an immense amount of interest. When set in ‘chat mode’ users could send and receive messages in enhanced SMS format.
  • Like everything nostalgic, from penny sweets to the PS1, it’s never as good as you remember it. If we loved our 3310’s so very much, why aren’t we all still using one? Simple, we developed our technological ability and it became moot. The newer 3310 was somewhat of a flop with many people cooing over its sentimentality but staggered by the price and minimalistic features. One things for sure, if you revampers touch my Gameboy, I won’t be happy!

    Avatar for Dan Lewis

    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He’s been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software & support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or factually interesting.

    100 Utterly Amazing Facts You Never Knew

    • 100 Amazing Facts You Never Knew

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  • Have you ever yawned and a bit of saliva shoots out of your mouth into the air? So have many apparently, you’re not alone. This process is known as Gleeking and is caused by your salivary glands being randomly stimulated.
  • The value of Bitcoins have sky rocketed with 1 bitcoin currently equating to around $4,200 (as of September 2017). This fact hit one Jacksonville man quite hard when, in 2010 he paid 10,000 bitcoins, or $25, for someone to deliver him 2 pizzas, this seems like a fair deal but now those 10,000 bitcoins are actually worth $42,189,900 – 2 very expensive pizzas indeed.
  • In 2015 the Korean Herald revealed a study that found out that the number of fried chicken outlets in Korea stood a whopping 36,000. This figure means the country has almost the same number of these outlets as there are McDonald’s branches across the world.
  • In the state of Mississippi the driver of a vehicle may consume alcohol as he mans the wheel as long as his blood alcohol level remains below 0.08%, which is the given level across many jurisdictions including the U.K. In most states drivers aren’t even allowed to have a passenger holding an alcoholic beverage.
  • In 2011, at the 21 annual IG Nobel Prize awards, Japanese scientists secured a place in the history books after winning an award for a $450 fire alarm system for the deaf. The system uses vaporized Wasabi to alert a member of the deaf community of the potential risk.
  • The 1997 video game Disney’s Math Quest: Aladdin was the only game Robin Williams voiced. He played his unforgettable funny-man The Genie in the game and helped youngsters navigate the wondrous world of math.
  • The male equivalent of a ballerina is a ballerina.
  • The only country in the world to begin with a Q is Qatar, the nearest English pronunciation to the local way would be Cutter and the name comes from Qatara referring to Zubara, a town in the country. The only country ending in Q is Iraq.
  • In 1960 a female cow was killed by a falling chunk of U.S. satellite in Cuba. With the tension at the time between the two countries, this was seen as a way of taking a dig at the U.S. so a cow was paraded through the streets with a sign reading “Eisenhower, you murdered one of my sisters”.
  • Whenever you approach a door in any outlet across the world, I can almost guarantee you’ll have the ‘is it a push or pull’ moment in which you have a simple choice between success or humiliation. This design is known as a “Norman Door”; a door style that needs directions of use to be displayed.
  • Fort Knox has an escape tunnel installed in the lower part of the vault. This tunnel is there in case anyone accidentally becomes trapped inside the vault.
  • A group of pandas is called an embarrassment.
  • Read More…

    Avatar for Dan Lewis

    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He has been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software and support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or otherwise factually interesting.

    Public Speaking


    Beebe and Beebe (2007) assert that the audience should be incorporated in all aspects of public speaking right from the choice of topic, introduction, manner of speech and even the conclusion. Audiences are quite distinct from one another. It is therefore essential to consider all the unique qualities of one’s particular audience before addressing them. The essay will examine some of the theoretical and practical aspect of public speaking in relation to the latter qualities

    Chapter 5

    A demographic and attitudinal analysis of a religious school of adolescents

    Beebe and Beebe (2007) affirm that before one can stand before an audience to speak to them, they should have conducted a thorough background check on the members of their audience. This means that all the issues to be addressed in the speech must be customized or tailor-made for one’s audience. The latter authors believe that the audience should be the central determinants of the content, approach and presentation of the speech.

    The first step towards performing an attitudinal and demographic analysis of one’s audience is to get as much information about the audience as possible. Sources may either be formal or informal. For instance, in the case of a school of adolescents, the speaker may use geographical information to form opinions about the composition of his audience. If the school is located in a culturally diverse City or town, then it is likely that the students will have similar characteristics. Additionally, the speaker can find out directly from the school administration about the nature of the students. He could also read brochures and leaflets made by the school. Besides these, he should also look for print media and books that may have mentioned the school he will be addressing. After gathering all the formal and informal pieces of information about the audience, it is the duty of the speaker to sieve out the important content and leave out the unimportant ones. This is because some pieces may be purely circumstantial. For instance, newspaper reports often record extra ordinary happenings and may not necessarily represent everyday occurrences at the school. After sieving out the trivial part of his audience’s information, a speaker should then adapt to such an audience. Sometimes a speaker may be particularly different from his audience (this is especially true given that the speaker will address a group of adolescents). Therefore, it is necessary to change one’s train of thought if it happens that the speaker belongs to another group.

    A demographic audience analysis entails a wide number of issues. A public speaker must first consider the age of his audience. In this case, they are adolescents. Therefore, the speaker must refrain from using examples that do not lie within the adolescent’s life times. It is also imperative to add some humor because adolescents do not have a very high concentration span. Additionally, the speaker should find out what the gender component of his audience is. In relation to this, such a speaker must avoid assumptions and gender biased language at all times. A demographic analysis should also entail consideration of cultural, racial and ethnic components. Some cultures are holistic and it may be advisable to talk about issues in a collective way. On the other hand, some cultures value authoritative speakers while others may prefer a down to earth-low-profile speaker. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

    An attitudinal analysis entails examination of the what the audience’s attitudes, values and beliefs. It is also important to consider the audience’s attitudes towards the topic of conversation. Adolescents may find academic topics dull and it is up to the speaker to liven it up or make it more interesting.

    Sometimes, the audiences attitudes may be affected by prevailing situations. For instance, the speech may be given during parent’s day thus prompting the need for a different approach. Sometimes, it may necessary to consider the size of the school audience. The speaker may be addresed group of ten students or the entire school. The tone, presentation and content will differ in either circumstances.

    Chapter 10

    Significance of introductory part of the speech

    The five purposes of the introductory speech are as follows;

    • To establish credibility of the speaker
    • To capture the audience’s attention
    • To give an introduction to the subject
    • To justify why the audience should listen to the speech
    • To summarize the subsequent ideas

    The introductory part of the speech allows members of the audience a chance to understand why they have come to listen to a certain speaker. If the speaker’s introductory paragraph is clear, valid and relevant, then chances are that the audience will respect the speaker as a credible authority in his field. Speakers can achieve this objective by giving the audience some interesting facts about the topic at hand. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

    An introduction gives the audience an idea of what to expect in the rest of the speech. It can be seen as a form of ‘first impression’. If the first impression is poor, then the speaker will have lost the chance to connect with his audience. Consequently, a good introduction allows the speaker to capture the attention of his listeners and may act as a platform for sustaining their attention throughout the speech. A speaker can achieve this by using famous quotations, giving humorous comments or referring to local events and situations.

    It is also important to guide the audience through what one will be addressing in the rest of the speech. This means that the introduction should contain a summary of the main points to be addressed in the speech. It would be very hectic if an audience can find no link between the initial remarks in the speech with the rest of the utterances. Speakers who discuss new topics without highlighting them at the onset may make it difficult for their audience to follow what they are saying.

    An audience is required to take up a passive role; this is particularly challenging for most individuals. Consequently, it is the duty of the speaker to ensure that he gives his audience a reason for listening to him. The most appropriate moment for doing this is at the beginning of the speech in the introduction.

    Lastly, the introductory part of the speech also gives the speaker an opportunity to elaborate about his subject matter. This is the point where a speaker gives definitions and provides a rough idea of what the subject is all about. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

    Chapter 17

    Ways of motivating listeners

    Listeners can be motivated through our ways;

    -Negative motivation

    -Positive motivation

    -Utilizing listener’s needs

    -Utilizing dissonance

    Negative motivation can work for particular audiences while it may not work or others. For instance, when a speaker talks about the negative consequences of his chosen topic, it may attract the listener’s attention more than if he simply spoke in the affirmative. Such an approach is particularly effective when dealing with social issues. Revealing negative statistics about teenage pregnancies may be more efficient than just telling the audience to avoid it.

    Positive motivation normally works in academic or career related speeches. For instance, if a professional is giving a career talk to a group of undergraduates, it may be wise to use positive motivation by reinforcing the good that comes out of choosing the speaker’s career path.

    Public speakers can motivate their audience by including some of the needs faced by their listeners. Human beings always respond to familiar situations. Therefore, if a speaker seems to be touching on these needs, then chances are the audience will be endeared to the speaker. For instance, speakers can address some of the security needs facing the audience. It may also be appropriate to use physiological needs. Listeners always have an inherent idea of what they would like an ideal speaker to look like. It would greatly help the speaker if he tried fitting into that profile. Some members of the audience may also have underlying self esteem issues. Therefore, if a speaker seems to portray high self esteem when the audience is in need of it, then chances are that he will persuade the listeners. Speakers also need to utilize the social needs that their audience may be facing. They need to understand the fact that the audience may have family or health issues and these need to be taken into account. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

    Lastly, a speaker may utilize dissonance. Here, the speaker will be creating some sort of conflict between his audience and himself. By doing this, the speech will not seem as attempt to win the audience over, instead it will challenge them mentally. This approach uses the concept of reverse psychologically to persuade listeners.


    There are some theoretical concepts that govern speech making. If used appropriately, they can enhance the ability of a public speaker to reach to his audience. Beebe and Beebe (2007) assert that this can only be possible if the speaker focuses on the nature of the audience. Such an approach goes along way in ensuring effective communication.


    Beebe, S. & Beebe, S. (2007): Public speaking; an audience centre approach; Allyn and Bacon Puclishers