Hacking Facts – 26 Interesting Facts About Hacking

Here are 26 Interesting Hacking facts.

1-5 Hacking Facts

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1. The hacker Kevin Mitnick was kept in solitary confinement for 8 months because “law enforcement told the judge that he could somehow dial into the NORAD modem via a payphone from prison and communicate with the modem by whistling to launch nuclear missiles.” – Source

2. According to the FBI Director, the FBI is having a hard time filling positions to help tackle cyber crimes because a lot of the nation’s top computer programmers and hacking gurus are also fond of marijuana. – Source

3. A hacker who, while serving five years for hacking, signed up for a prison IT class, and successfully hacked into the prison’s mainframe. – Source

4. Two men were brought up on federal hacking charges when they exploited a bug in video poker machines and won half a million dollars. His lawyer argued, “All these guys did is simply push a sequence of buttons that they were legally entitled to push.” The case was dismissed. – Source

5. Lenovo Computers is partially owned by the Chinese government and their computers come preloaded with secret backdoor access. As a result MI6, the CIA and other spy agencies have banned their use. – Source

6-10 Hacking Facts

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6. After getting fired in 1996, Timothy Lloyd, an 11-year employee of OMEGA, planted a hacking “time bomb” within the firm’s computer systems that deleted the firm’s main operating software two weeks after his lay-off, making the firm lose over $10 million and fire 80 employees. – Source

7. In the 1980s, the BBC televised a live demonstration of email. Prior to transmission, a studio guest overheard a crew member saying the email account password and phoned a friendly hacker. Once on air, the presenter logged in and was met with a poem about hacking and insecure passwords. – Source

8. While hacking a Fortune 500 company, 16-year-old Sean Parker was unable to log out after his father unplugged and confiscated his keyboard. Because his IP address was exposed, FBI agents tracked him down and arrested him – Source

9. The first person that was charged with hacking a computer did not go to jail due to there being no specific criminal offense at the time. – Source

10. In 2007 a researcher from IBM was able to gain complete control of an American nuclear power plant by hacking it over the internet. – Source

11-15 Hacking Facts

11. LinkedIn was sued for hacking their users’ email addresses and spamming their contact lists with LinkedIn invites. – Source

12. A 15-year old named Jonathan James once hacked NASA and caused a 21-day shutdown of their computers. James was federally prosecuted after hacking United states department of defense computers and became the first juvenile incarcerated for cyber crime in the United states. – Source

13. Journalists from News of the World hacked the cell phone of Milly Dowler, a 13-year old girl who was abducted and murdered in 2002, and read her phone messages and listened to her voicemail, giving her family, friends and the police false hope she was still alive. – Source

14. The hacking in the movie Matrix was performed using real tools. – Source

15. There was a hacking group in the ’90s that testified to the USA Congress that they could shut down the entire Internet in 30 minutes. – Source

16-20 Hacking Facts

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16.  There is a hacking group called the Gay n****r Association of America. – Source

17.  In 2015, Cyber Hackers stole approximately $1 billion from over 100 banks in one of the largest bank heists ever. – Source

18. Google build a backdoor for the FBI to access all of their customer’s email. – Source

19. The 19th-century telegraph network has also been nicknamed “Victorian Internet”. People used it for hacking, dating, fraud, and spam. – Source

20. “Hackers Wanted”, a film about hacking and the free flow of information, was never officially released due to the conflict in the team. It was then leaked on BitTorrent. – Source

21-26 Hacking Facts

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21. Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak was expelled from the University of Colorado after hacking into the school’s computer system. – Source

22. In 2008. hackers induced seizures to epilepsy sufferers by hacking into an epileptic support forum and leaving flashing animation screens. – Source

23. The structure of the giant hacking ring Red October was exposed by a man attempting to ping the entire Internet. – Source

24. Microsoft offered Virender Raika, son of a laborer from Kurukshetra (India) 763,390 USD annual package for his extraordinary anti-hacking skills. – Source

25. In an early example of ‘hacking’ pirate radio broadcasters in the 1920’s would use their own transmitters to send messages for free. – Source

26. The GPS satellites were programmed to introduce timing jitters into the signals until it was abolished by a Presidential decree in 2000. – Source


25 Interesting Historical Photos – Part 98

Here are this week’s interesting historical photos. For part 97, click here.

1. Lt. Col. Robert Stirm, is greeted by his family.

He is returning home after more than five years as a prisoner of war in North Vietnam, 1973.

2. A Japanese family returning home from an internment camp find their home and garage vandalized in Seattle, Washington 1945.

3. Atomic cloud over Nagasaki, Sept 8,1945.

Atomic cloud over Nagasaki, Sept 8, 1945, taken 15+ minutes after the explosion, seen from a distance of 15 km. Photo by Hiromihi Matsuda. colorized by irootoko_jr.

4. Pink Floyd concert in Venice on 15 July 1989.

5. 19-year-old Michael Donald, lynched at random by Klan members in Mobile, Alabama, 1981.

6. A Bosnian Serb woman mourns over the remains of her son killed in 1992.

It was found in a common grave, in Bosnia during the Balkan Wars.

7. Young girls in 1930s China having their feet bound to modify the shape of their foot.

This practice for girls only was nearly 1000 years old, and was mainly in China, causing disabilities to many girls. It died out in the 20th century as it became clear the ramifications of the practice.

8. Aftermath of Pearl Harbor, December 7th, 1941.

9. Rudolf Hoess, the commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp.

Rudolf Hoess, the commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, before getting hanged next to the crematorium at the camp, 1947.

10. French Cuirassiers at camp (1913) one year before the Great war.

Polio Facts – 22 Facts About Polio

Here are 22 Polio facts.

1-5 Polio Facts

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1. FDR founded an organization to find a cure for polio and believed that if everyone gave only a dime, polio would be eradicated. Because of this motto, after his death in 1945, FDR’s face was put on the dime, and his organization was renamed “The March of Dimes.” – Source

2. Seattle kids have a lower polio vaccination than the African country of Rwanda. – Source

3. A polio victim was kept alive in a metal tube for nearly 60 years only to die when a power outage shut her iron lung down. – Source

4. Dr. Bernice Eddy warned the NIH that the polio vaccines they were about to release contained live polio virus. They ignored her and released the vaccine anyway, and as a result, 40,000 children developed polio. The NIH director who dismissed Dr. Eddy then resigned. – Source

5. In 1940, scientists concluded that consumption of ice-cream was the leading cause of the polio epidemic, solely based on the stats that there were more cases of polio in the summer, which was also when children ate the most ice-cream. – Source

6-10 Polio Facts

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6. In 1955, Jonas Salk chose not to patent his polio vaccine for the betterment of humanity. As a result, he missed out on earning an estimated $7 billion. – Source

7. Immunization efforts have reduced polio cases by >99%. Pakistan accounts for 86% of the current cases. – Source

8. Polio can be transmitted via ass-to-mouth. – Source

9. Faith healer Jack Coe cured a boy of polio and told his parents to remove his leg braces, leaving the boy in pain, only to contract polio himself and die a few weeks later. – Source

10. In the 1950s, the polio vaccine was accused of being part of a Communist plot to socialize medicine. – Source

11-15 Polio Facts

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11. There were only 74 polio infections worldwide in 2015. There used be 20,000/year in the U.S. alone. – Source

12. Sir Alec Guinness, who played Obi-Wan Kenobi in Star Wars, converted to Catholicism after he believed his son was miraculously cured of polio in response to his prayers. He remained a faithful Catholic until his death in 2000. – Source

13. Polio is expected to be eradicated by 2018. – Source

14. The Taliban pledged support for Polio eradication. – Source

15. In September 2014, GlaxoSmithKline accidentally dumped 45 liters of concentrated live poliovirus solution into the Lasne river in Belgium. – Source

16-20 Polio Facts

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16. Polio has existed for all of written human history, but there was never a major epidemic of it until 1907 when 2,700 contracted polio in Vermont, by 1952 there were over 50,000 cases in just the United States. – Source

17. Wilma Rudolph overcame polio to become the fastest woman in the world, winning three gold track and field medals at the 1960s Olympics. – Source

18. The man who introduced lead to gasoline to reduce engine knocking also introduced the use of CFCs as a refrigerant. He later contracted polio and invented a system of pulleys to move, which he suffocated himself with by accident. – Source

19. Joni Mitchell contracted polio at the age 9, and it was during her recovery in the hospital that she began performing and singing to patients. After teaching herself how to play the guitar, she emerged as one of the leading folk performers of the late 1960s and ’70s. – Source

20. Ali Maow Maalin, a Somalian cook who was the last person to contract smallpox before it was eradicated, recovered from it and dedicated the rest of his life to fighting polio. – Source

21-22 Polio Facts

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21. Sister Elizabeth Kinney cured Alan Alda, Robert Anton Wilson, and thousands of other people of polio before the vaccine was invented and was mostly ridiculed by the medical community for her efforts. – Source

22. “Orthopedics” literally means straighten the child, and originally referenced the practice of doctors treating Polio. – Source


Pilot Facts – 40 Interesting Facts About Pilots

Here are 40 Interesting Pilot facts.

1-5 Pilot Facts

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1. Japanese Kamikaze pilots were allowed to return if they didn’t find a suitable target. One pilot was shot after his ninth return. – Source

2. A Russian MIG Pilot defected during the cold war along with his aircraft. When he arrived in the USA he was convinced the CIA had specially stocked the grocery stores he went to because he couldn’t believe the vast array of products for sale. – Source

3. In 1986, a Soviet pilot made a bet with his co-pilot that he could land the airplane blind, with curtained cockpit windows. He crashed the plane into the landing strip, killing 70 out of 94 passengers and crew. – Source

4. The captain of a United flight had a heart attack mid-flight, and so an off-duty air force captain, Mike Gongol, had to help land the plane, saving 160 lives. He knew he had to help when he heard the PA announcement “are there any non-revenue pilots on board, please ring your call button.” – Source

5. A FedEx pilot inverted a cargo jet pinning a hijacker to the ceiling of the plane, performing maneuvers beyond all known capabilities to land safely. – Source

6-10 Pilot Facts

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6. On July 23, 1983, Air Canada’s Flight 143, with 69 people on board, ran out of fuel at an altitude of 41,000 ft. The pilot managed to glide the plane down safely as he was a very experienced glider pilot. 22,300 pounds of jet fuel had been put in instead of 22,300 kg. – Source

7. Franz Stigler was a German ace fighter pilot who risked his life to spare and then save the lives of 9 Americans by escorting their injured B-17 bomber out of Germany. The incident would later be called “the most incredible encounter between enemies in World War II.” – Source

8. Out of 262 Blue Angels pilots, 27 have been killed during training or show accidents, giving the job a 10% fatality rate. – Source

9. Pilots eat different meals to avoid food poisoning. – Source

10. Hajimi Fuji volunteered for the kamikaze but was refused acceptance because he had a wife and two young children. To honor his wish his wife drowned her two young girls and drowned herself. Hajimi then flew as a kamikaze pilot, meeting his death on the 28th May 1945. – Source

11-15 Pilot Facts

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11. Two paragliders were sucked into a thunderstorm during practice. The updraft was so powerful that one pilot was sucked up to 19,000 feet and killed by a lightning strike. The pilot of the second glider passed out from the altitude, but woke up still airborne and covered in ice. – Source

12. Under certain conditions, a pilot not trained to fly by gyroscopic instruments can enter into a death spiral, believing that he is maintaining straight flight and completely unaware that he even turning. – Source

13. Colin McGregor, the brother of Star Wars actor Ewan McGregor, is a British RAF pilot and goes by the call-sign “Obi Two”. – Source

14. A Japanese pilot who attacked a town in Oregon during WWII returned 20 years later to present his family’s 400-year-old sword as a symbol of regret. – Source

15. A pilot was actually recorded saying “I picked a bad day to stop sniffin’ glue” shortly before his plane crashed. – Source

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16. During the Berlin Blockade in 1948, a pilot who was doing supply drops for the civilians became known as ‘Uncle Wiggly Wings’ after he started dropping candy and chocolate from his plane and wiggling his wings so people knew it was him. – Source

17. Bob Barker was trained as a Navy fighter pilot in WW2 but wasn’t sent to a fleet squadron in time to fight. He once said: “I was all ready to go, and when the enemy heard that I was headed for the Pacific, they surrendered. That was the end of World War II.” – Source

18. In 1940 two Royal Australian Air Force training airplanes collided in mid-air, becoming locked together. As the aircraft was traveling in the same direction, they became an impromptu biplane and we’re landed safely by the pilot of the upper plane. There were no deaths. – Source

19. Army officer Hugh Thompson prevented the deaths of hundreds of Vietnamese civilians including women and children, by a group of American soldiers. Thompson, an Army helicopter pilot, landed between the soldiers and the villagers and threatened to open fire if they continued their attacks. – Source

20. Teddy Roosevelt was the first president to fly in an airplane and afterward told the pilot, “that was the bulliest experience I ever had. I envy your professional conquest of space.” – Source

21-25 Pilot Facts

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21. O’Hare airport is named after an American fighter pilot who was the lone defender during an attack on his carrier, then was killed leading the first night defense against a Kamikaze attack. Two years earlier, his own father was murdered for being the only man willing to testify against Al Capone. – Source

22. In 1976, a Soviet pilot defected to Japan with one of their most advanced jet, a MiG-25P. They returned it after learning all its secrets with a $40k bill asking for the shipping fare and repair for the damage it caused to the runway. – Source

23. One of the test pilots for the interceptor version of the SR-71 was chosen for Apollo 15 mission to the Moon. He had a heart attack after his moon walk and the only reason anybody knew was that NASA noticed it on his heart monitor. It was left out of the mission debriefing records. – Source

24. There are giant concrete arrows built every 10 miles that span from NYC to San Francisco which were used by USPS Pilots to trace their way across America. – Source

25. An airline pilot ordered 30 pizzas for his passengers, after finding out they would be delayed 2 hours for weather. The pizzas were delivered within 30 minutes by Domino’s and were cleared by security and sent directly to the plane in an official airport vehicle. – Source

26-30 Pilot Facts

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26. Hazel Ying Lee, a Chinese-American WWII pilot, had two forced landings. One landing took place in a Kansas wheat field. A farmer, pitchfork in hand, chased her around the plane while shouting to his neighbors that the Japanese had invaded Kansas. – Source

27. Famous aviator Charles Lindbergh served in WWII as a fighter pilot, despite still being a civilian. His wingman was known as “Fishkiller Miller” after he missed a target and accidentally killed thousands of nearby fish instead. – Source

28. During the WWII naval battle of Leyte Gulf, an American pilot made repeated attack runs against one of the largest battleships in history, Japan’s Yamato. After running out of ammunition, the pilot continued attacking, throwing a Coke bottle and other loose cockpit articles at the ship’s bridge. –Source

29. The King of Morocco, Hassan II grabbed the radio during an assassination attempt and told the rebel pilots who were firing at Hassan’s Boeing 727; “Stop firing! The tyrant is dead!” Which made the Assassins break off their attack. – Source

30. While in a spin, a pilot ejected from his plane only to watch his unmanned F-106 recover from the spin and land safely in a field. – Source

31-35 Pilot Facts

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31. During the Korean War Air Force pilot James Risner successfully “pushed” his wingman’s incapacitated jet fighter into friendly territory using the nose of his own jet. A maneuver that had never been attempted in history. – Source

32. During the Vietnam war, a Chinook pilot saved his family by flying them to the American destroyer “Kirk”, dropping his children out of the helicopter onto the ship’s deck then rolling the Chinook onto its side and jumping into the sea. – Source

33. A fighter jet pilot shot his own plane down by flying into his own bullets. – Source

34. 43% of British pilots admitted to falling asleep during flights, 33% of them reported waking up to find that their co-pilots had fallen asleep as well, according to a survey carried between 2010 & 2012. – Source

35. 2 F16 pilots went on a suicide mission to stop Flight 93 on 9/11. – Source

36-40 Pilot Facts

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36. In 1916, Manfred von Richthofen was considered a below-average pilot who crashed during his first flight. Upon his death two years, and 80 aerial kills later, the British buried The Red Baron with full military honors out of respect for his skill as an aviator. – Source

37. Test pilot Tex Johnson did a barrel roll in a prototype 707 during a first look at an air show with a lot of potential customers in attendance. When his boss called him into his office and said “What the hell were you doing?”, he replied “Selling Airplanes.” – Source

38. A Luftwaffe pilot refused to destroy a damaged B-17.The German pilot escorted the B-17 to the English Channel and then saluted the American pilot and returned home. 40 years later they were reunited and developed a deep friendship that lasted until their deaths. – Source

39. F-35B Fighter Pilots have a Helmet that accesses 6 cameras around the body of the plane, allowing them to basically see through the plane. Also, it costs $400,000. – Source

40. German ww2 pilots in North Africa would fix bottles of Coca-Cola to the underside of their wings so the drink would cool at high altitude, then be ready to drink after landing. – Source

Eclipse Facts – 28 Interesting Facts About Eclipses

Here are 28 Interesting Eclipse facts.

1-5 Eclipse Facts

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1. The Sun’s distance from Earth is 400 times the Moon distance, and the Sun’s diameter is 400 times the diameter of the Moon. Because of this coincidence, it means that we experience a total eclipse, the Moon covers the whole Sun. – Source

2. On August 21, 2017, a total solar eclipse will be visible across the United States. The last total solar eclipse visible from the U.S. mainland happened on February 26, 1979, but this one is different. The eclipse’s ‘path of totality’ is completely within U.S. soil for the first time since 1776. – Source

3. Concorde pilots chased a solar eclipse at Mach 2. They extended it from 7 minutes to 74. – Source

4. “Christopher Columbus, in an effort to induce the natives of Jamaica to continue provisioning him and his hungry men, successfully intimidated the natives by correctly predicting a lunar eclipse.” – Source

5. It is by pure coincidence that we exist on a planet and in a time when our star is covered exactly during a total eclipse. No other known planet has total eclipses and at some point, in the future, they won’t occur on Earth either. – Source

6-10 Eclipse Facts

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6. Helium is named after the Greek god Helios because the first evidence of its existence was found not on Earth but in the Sun during a solar eclipse in 1868. It was not formally identified on Earth until 1895. – Source

7. Solar eclipses are more dangerous to view directly than the Sun itself because the eye dilates from the dark eclipse which allows remaining sunshine to cause more damage to the eye. – Source

8. The Sun will never set on the present-day British Empire, due to the smallest and most isolated of the 14 territories, the Pitcairn Islands, which only has a population of a few dozen people. Until there is an eclipse there, Britain remains the empire on which the Sun never sets. – Source

9. An American group from Harvard set out to observe the solar eclipse of Oct 27, 1780, with the Revolutionary War in full swing. Though the Brits granted them safe passage (sought in the name of science) into what was enemy territory, they still failed to witness totality due to miscalculations. – Source

10. If you were on the Moon during a total lunar eclipse, you would simultaneously see every sunset and sunrise on the Earth as a red ring around the globe. – Source

11-15 Eclipse Facts

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11. An ancient and complicated mechanism from 80 BC that could predict solar and lunar eclipses was found aboard a sunken Greek ship and still puzzles researchers on some of its functions. – Source

12. The ancient Babylonians worked out that there are solar eclipses that occur 18 years, 11 days, and 8 hours apart. This period, 223 lunar cycles, is called the Saros cycle. The 1999 eclipse and this year’s eclipse are Saros cycle solar eclipses. – Source

13. Some people from India still believe you should wash your eyes out with the first urine of the day on the day of a solar eclipse to avoid eye pain. – Source

14. A total solar eclipse in 1925 had a path of totality that just grazed Manhattan. It was reported that residents below 96th St. could still see part of the Sun, while those above 96th were in total darkness. – Source

15. The first approximation for the speed of light was made in 1671 when the eclipse of Io on Jupiter happened 17 minutes later than expected. – Source

16-20 Eclipse Facts

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16. In 585 BC a solar eclipse occurred in the middle of a battle between the Lydians and the Medes. They promptly ceased fighting and signed a peace treaty. – Source

17. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. – Source

18. Some Native Americans will not set foot outside during the eclipse but will instead, by tradition, fast and pray the entire day. – Source

19. The first believed recording of an eclipse was over 5000 years over, in 3340 BC. – Source

20. Right before and after totality in a solar eclipse, you can see undulating ‘shadow bands’ on plain-colored surfaces that look like writhing snakes, and scientists do not fully understand the phenomenon. – Source

Astronaut Facts – 38 Interesting Facts About Astronauts

Here are 38 Interesting Astronaut facts.

1-5 Astronaut Facts

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1. The astronauts of Apollo 11 couldn’t get life insurance, so they signed photos that their families could auction in case the landing went wrong. – Source

2. On Space Shuttle Endeavor, astronaut John Grunsfeld called into NPR’s Car Talk and asked why his government vehicle was shaking violently for a couple minutes before the engine died. – Source

3. A NASA astronaut waited 19 years to fly in space. Don Lind was selected in 1966 but was chosen for canceled missions, or as a backup for missions; he said, “I was backing up two of the most depressingly healthy people you can imagine.” Lind finally flew on the space shuttle in 1985. – Source

4. All US astronauts are required to learn Russian as part of their extensive training and have to be able to run the ISS using Russian-language training manuals if necessary. – Source

5. Astronauts must have good airflow around them when they sleep, otherwise, they could wake up oxygen-deprived and gasping for air because a bubble of their own exhaled carbon dioxide had formed around their heads. – Source

6-10 Astronaut Facts

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6. NASA Astronaut Owen Garriott successfully pranked flight controllers by playing a recording of his wife whilst on SkyLab. There were no women on board the space station and was used to make it look like there was a stowaway. – Source

7. NASA accidentally auctioned off for just $995 a bag that was used by Apollo 11 astronauts to collect the first lunar sample. When the buyer sent the bag to NASA for verification, the space agency realized its mistake and refused to return it. – Source

8. Neil Armstrong threatened legal action against his barber, for selling his hair to a collector for $3,000. – Source

9. Apollo 12 commander Pete Conrad’s first word upon setting foot on the Moon was “Whoopee!” in order to win a $500 bet with an Italian journalist that NASA didn’t script astronaut declarations. – Source

10. In 1971, the US left a memorial on the Moon for every astronaut who died in the pursuit of space exploration, including Russian Cosmonauts. – Source

11-15 Astronaut Facts

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11. Mae Jemison, the first female African-American astronaut, was inspired to apply to NASA by the Star Trek character, Lieutenant Uhura. Jemison later went on to make a cameo appearance in Star Trek: The Next Generation. – Source

12. Astronaut Michael Collin’s secret fear was that he had to return to Earth alone, leaving Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stranded on the moon. He sometimes thought it would be better to not have that option. – Source

13. When Astronaut Ed Mitchell was asked what it’s like to stand on the moon, he said: “From out there on the moon, international politics look so petty. You want to grab a politician by the scruff of the neck and drag him a quarter of a million miles out and say, ‘Look at that, you son of a b*tch.’ – Source

14. NASA has decided to use Metric Units for all operations on the lunar surface when it returns to the Moon. The Vision for Space Exploration calls for returning astronauts to the Moon by 2020 and eventually setting up a manned lunar outpost. – Source

15. An Apollo astronaut lost his wedding ring during his trip to the moon and found it again during a spacewalk. – Source

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16. Neil Armstrong’s astronaut application form arrived a week past the deadline. His friend d*ck Day saw the late arrival of the application and slipped it into the pile before anyone noticed. – Source

17. Astronaut John Glenn became the oldest person in space at 77 after “lobbying NASA for two years to fly as a human guinea pig for geriatric studies”. – Source

18. It is almost certain that the astronauts survived the initial Challenger explosion, and died on impact with the water. At least three of the crew’s emergency oxygen tanks were manually switched on after the crew’s capsule broke apart from the rest of the shuttle. – Source

19. The second American in space had hay fever and was almost disqualified from astronaut training until NASA realized the absence of pollen in space. – Source

20. Low gravity makes it difficult to tell if your bladder is full because the bladder’s stretch receptor nerves don’t feel the weight of the liquid. Astronauts are trained to empty their bladders every two hours because of this. – Source