What Are Magnets? | The Fact Site

The earliest magnets were of course found naturally just lying around. These were found in rocks and other types of earth known as magnetite or lodestone. The story goes, the founder discovered the mineral after finding the nails of his shoes stuck to a magnetite rock. Others says it was the Greeks or the Macedonians, or even our good friend, Pliny the Elder. One thing is for certain though – the first magnets were simply lying around for millennia before our discovery.

And now, some fun facts about our magnetic friends! The biggest magnet in the world there is reference to, is actually found in Switzerland in the scientific wonder we all know as the Large Hadron Collider. The Hadron Collider has a reasonably weak strength of 40000 Gauss, which, to put it into perspective, is 400 times the strength of an average fridge magnet. This contraption is used to investigate subatomic particles and part of the hunt for the so-called, “god particle,” but this is a topic for another day.

One of the strongest magnets in the world, is of course smaller than the Large Hadron Collider. This is often the case with strong magnets. One is actually found in Florida State University. It cost an insanely large sum of $2.5 million, but comes in at a staggering 25 Tesla. To put that in perspective, 1 Tesla = 10000 gauss, so this means it comes in at around 2,500 times stronger than a fridge magnet, or 25 times stronger than a magnet used in a scrapyard.

Another interesting fact is that Scandinavia actually has the largest amount of magnetic material in the world. If you place a wooden plank in water with a magnet attached and allow it float, the magnet will point its northern pole to Earth’s North Pole.

So there we have it, magnets, something we use every day of our lives and have benefited us in more ways that we could ever imagine. One thing is for sure though – there’s no escaping the magnet. Even the world is one big magnet if you think of it – it’s polarized with a magnetic north and south pole. Indeed, the very same ones the penguins and Santa live on!

The Largest Postage Stamp in the World


What’s the largest postage stamp in the world?

If you want to find the largest postage stamp in the world (as of 2017), you’ll have to visit the United Arab Emirates. On March 21st 2013, a postage stamp was released to commemorate Her Highness Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak Al Ketbi, the widow of Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, founder and previous ruler of the U.A.E.

The stamp was released on March 21st because this is the day that Mother’s Day is celebrated in the U.A.E. It was considered a thank-you gift to Fatima bint Mubarak Al Ketbi from the women of the U.A.E., in appreciation of her efforts to promote women’s rights across the country.

What does the largest postage stamp look like?

Largest Postage Stamp In the World

Aptly named ‘The Mother of Emirates’, the postage stamp features the “Mother of the Nation” logo. This name has been given to Fatima bint Mubarak Al Ketbi, and the logo is heavily associated with her personality, work and achievements. A solid pink color, the postage stamp is clearly reflective of women and women’s rights across the country and the world.

What are the measurements of the “Mother of Emirates” postage stamp?

The original postage stamp entered the Guinness World Records after being measured at 1.36 x 1.77 meters. Since it was so large, it was able to draw more attention to itself, thus promoting further the lifelong work of Fatima bint Mubarak Al Ketbi.

Whether you’re a philatelist or not, there’s no denying the beauty and significance of certain stamps from around the globe. Even if you don’t feel inspired to start collecting them yourself, maybe you’ll think twice when you next see a foreign (or local!) postage stamp.

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Lizzie Robinson has been a freelance writer since 2011. She is currently studying English Literature at university and enjoys sailing & playing the piano in her free time. Lizzie enjoys writing about current issues & business.


The Sleep Habits of Your Favorite Animals [Infographic]

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For humans, sleep is just as essential to our well-being as getting the right amount of food and water each day.

Aside of the odd sleepwalker, we all tend to get our 40 winks pretty similarly, aiming for the recommended 8 hours per night. However, we’re one of the only creatures on planet Earth to do so.

When you begin to take a look at sleeping habits across the animal kingdom, you start to see just how diverse it is!

A new infographic, created by sleepypeople.com, presents lots of weird and wonderful sleeping habits of animals, from a house cats to giraffes. Check out the sleeping habits of your favorite animals below!

The Sleep Habits Of Your Favourite Animals Infographic

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Luke Ward is the founder of The Fact Site. He’s a professional blogger & researcher with over 8 years experience in fact finding, SEO, web design & other internet wizardry. He loves to write about celebs, gaming, film & TV.



The A-Z of Global Halloween Traditions


H is for Hong Kong – Using their famous destinations such as Disneyland, Hong Kong likes to put on a big show for its residents and visitors by decorating large shopping centers and points of interest with Halloween-themed décor.

I is for Iceland – Children in this Scandinavian country are seen dressing up as witches, wizards, vampires, ghosts and many other spooky costumes in the lead-up to Halloween. The popular American Bar in Reykjavik hosts an annual American-themed party, alongside many other bars and clubs in the capital.

J is for Japan – The people of Japan like to do things slightly different when it comes to a lot of things, and they are opposed to following the traditional celebrations of Halloween, such as trick-or-treating. As would be expected, however, cosplay is a big feature in Japan when October rolls around, and there are street festivals and parties to celebrate.

K is for Kenya – Less so in the suburbs, but in the large cities such as Nairobi, Kenyan people love a good Halloween party. The restaurants and large shopping malls put on large Halloween displays, while cinemas offer free showings of spooky movies.

L is for Lithuania – In Lithuania, the citizens believe the year is divided into two halves – the light half and the dark half. The date where these two halves meet is 31st October. Children play fight pretending one person is the light half and the other is the dark.

M is for the Maldives – If you visit Malta during Halloween season, you’ll find restaurants decorated with cobwebs and public festivals where you can participate in spooky games such as apple bobbing.

N is for the Netherlands – There’s something for everyone in the Netherlands on Halloween. Whether you want to take part in the scary Zombiewalk in Rotterdam or the Halloween Festival in Amsterdam, you’ll find celebrations up and down the country, including at the famous Keukenhof Castle.

O is for Oman – In this country, it’s easy to find a Halloween party, usually including live music, fun party games, decorations and spooky-themed food!

P is for Puerto Rico – Locals of San Juan look forward to the Yellow Halloween event, which takes place every year on October 31st. International artists came from all over the world, and the concert is sold out days in advance.

Q is for Quebec – This Canadian province certainly knows how to celebrate Halloween. It’s traditional to say ‘La charité s’il-vous-plaît’, which is Canadian French for ‘Happy Halloween’!

R is for Romania – The Romanian region of Transylvania is buzzing with Halloween parties and events during October. While other parts of the country don’t celebrate it as much, adults get involved in the parties and people of all ages enjoy street festivals.

S is for Spain – Spanish people enjoy eating chestnuts during the Halloween period, and making their own spooky food called Huesos de santo – Spanish for ‘saint bones’.

T is for Thailand – Halloween is only celebrated in the larger cities of Thailand, such as Bangkok, where the locals often throw parties and dress up as spooky characters. However, it’s difficult to find pumpkins and people in the villages avoid too much celebration for fear of angering the spirits.

U is for Uganda – The West has had a big influence on the countries of Africa over the years, so if you visit cities such as Kampala during October, you’ll see young children showing off their face painting skills and pumpkins galore for carving and decorating.

V is for Vietnam – During recent years, Vietnam has become a popular tourist attraction as well as a great host of Halloween celebrations. Parties take place all across the cities, and a popular feature is the presence of pop-up face painters, who are ready to help you get dressed up last minute!

W is for Wales – Seen to be the first day of winter, Nos Galan Gaeaf is more than just a day for Halloween celebrations – it’s the last day of autumn and the birth of the colder season. Paying homage to the famous Welsh dragon, the people of Wales love to carve pumpkins in the shape of dragons.

X is for Xalapa – …in Mexico! As we all know, the Mexicans love dressing up and they love their street festivals even more. You’ll be able to buy candles, jack-o-lanterns and many more Halloween supplies as you walk the streets and take part in the superb celebrations.

Y is for Yemen – The people of Yemen don’t pay much attention to the traditional date of Halloween on October 31st, but during Ramadan, the children in the large Muslim community of this country participate in trick-or-treating!

Z is for Zimbabwe – Children don’t go trick-or-treating here since there is plenty of unsafe wildlife out at night time, but that doesn’t stop them taking part in Halloween celebrations. It’s common to see people of all ages come together to throw a party and play games.

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Lizzie Robinson has been a freelance writer since 2011. She is currently studying English Literature at university and enjoys sailing & playing the piano in her free time. Lizzie enjoys writing about current issues & business.


21 Interesting Facts About Graffiti


  • Fun Facts About Graffiti



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  • While graffiti is mostly illegal wherever you go, there are about 1,650 legal graffiti walls around the world.
  • “Yarn Bombing” is technically a form of graffiti which originated in Texas. It consists of covering objects, structures, or trees with decorative knitted or crocheted material.
  • The first known example of “modern style” graffiti is found in the ancient Greek city of Ephesus. The graffiti shows a handprint that somewhat resembles a heart, along with a footprint and a number. It is thought that this indicated that a brothel was nearby.
  • A “Heaven spot” is a piece of graffiti done in an area that’s hard to reach such as a rooftop or overpass. The name has a double meaning – one because it’s so high up that it’s towards the “heavens.” The other meaning refers to the fact that it is often a serious challenge in a dangerous location, and in case of an accident, the artist could die and “go to heaven.”
  • Graffiti writers have what’s called a “black book”, which is a sketch book where they draw and plan out prospective graffiti artwork. Writers use their black books to fine tune their style and retain any ideas they may have for potential future use as a graffiti piece.
  • Graffiti used to be a term used to refer to inscriptions and figure drawings found on the walls of ancient ruins, like Pompeii or the Roman Catacombs. The eruption of Mount Vesuvius preserved the graffiti in Pompeii.
  • The earliest forms of graffiti were found on ancient Roman architecture as images carved onto walls.
  • The first known graffiti artist was Mr. Darryl McCray, street named Cornbread. In the late 1960’s, he and a group of friends started tagging their nicknames on walls around Philadelphia, which instigated the modern graffiti movement.
  • Graffiti bombing is when a large graffiti piece is put up over a short period of time. Train bombing is one common form, where a group of writers will quickly cover a train in graffiti before the authorities arrive.
  • There is a difference between graffiti and street art. In graffiti, the writers are generally not interested in the public understanding their work, instead they use it to speak to other writers. Street art is used to engage everyone.
  • People who are new to graffiti are called toys. Those with more experience and respect among other writers are called kings or queens.
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    Michelle Gabriel is a freelance writer and blogger and currently loving it! Her primary focus and passion is traveling, which she does full time and continues to be her preferred topic when composing articles.



    100 Utterly Amazing Facts You Never Knew


    • 100 Amazing Facts You Never Knew



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  • Have you ever yawned and a bit of saliva shoots out of your mouth into the air? So have many apparently, you’re not alone. This process is known as Gleeking and is caused by your salivary glands being randomly stimulated.
  • The value of Bitcoins have sky rocketed with 1 bitcoin currently equating to around $4,200 (as of September 2017). This fact hit one Jacksonville man quite hard when, in 2010 he paid 10,000 bitcoins, or $25, for someone to deliver him 2 pizzas, this seems like a fair deal but now those 10,000 bitcoins are actually worth $42,189,900 – 2 very expensive pizzas indeed.
  • In 2015 the Korean Herald revealed a study that found out that the number of fried chicken outlets in Korea stood a whopping 36,000. This figure means the country has almost the same number of these outlets as there are McDonald’s branches across the world.
  • In the state of Mississippi the driver of a vehicle may consume alcohol as he mans the wheel as long as his blood alcohol level remains below 0.08%, which is the given level across many jurisdictions including the U.K. In most states drivers aren’t even allowed to have a passenger holding an alcoholic beverage.
  • In 2011, at the 21 annual IG Nobel Prize awards, Japanese scientists secured a place in the history books after winning an award for a $450 fire alarm system for the deaf. The system uses vaporized Wasabi to alert a member of the deaf community of the potential risk.
  • The 1997 video game Disney’s Math Quest: Aladdin was the only game Robin Williams voiced. He played his unforgettable funny-man The Genie in the game and helped youngsters navigate the wondrous world of math.
  • The male equivalent of a ballerina is a ballerina.
  • The only country in the world to begin with a Q is Qatar, the nearest English pronunciation to the local way would be Cutter and the name comes from Qatara referring to Zubara, a town in the country. The only country ending in Q is Iraq.
  • In 1960 a female cow was killed by a falling chunk of U.S. satellite in Cuba. With the tension at the time between the two countries, this was seen as a way of taking a dig at the U.S. so a cow was paraded through the streets with a sign reading “Eisenhower, you murdered one of my sisters”.
  • Whenever you approach a door in any outlet across the world, I can almost guarantee you’ll have the ‘is it a push or pull’ moment in which you have a simple choice between success or humiliation. This design is known as a “Norman Door”; a door style that needs directions of use to be displayed.
  • Fort Knox has an escape tunnel installed in the lower part of the vault. This tunnel is there in case anyone accidentally becomes trapped inside the vault.
  • A group of pandas is called an embarrassment.
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    Avatar for Dan Lewis


    Dan Lewis is a Welsh speaker. He has been in the tech sector for about 5 years and is qualified in most areas including networking, hardware, software and support. Enjoys writing about anything techy, nerdy or otherwise factually interesting.



    What is Cloud Seeding? | The Fact Site


    The inventor of Cloud Seeding, Mr. Vincent Schaefer carried out the first successful experiment of his idea in 1946. On behalf of the General Electric Co, Vincent managed to generate rainfall and, in lab conditions, managed to create a snowstorm.

    The scientific benefits and belief in cloud seeding was huge, during the 1960s in the US a project named ‘Stormfury’ was undertaken to try and in effect weaken cyclones and at the time they thought it was worthy enough to test this method on a range of Atlantic hurricanes before they realized the system was ineffective as the hurricanes themselves just don’t contain enough water for the chemicals to bind to and have that much impact. The most impressive claim of recent years though has to come from China, who say that in 2008 during the Beijing Olympics they used this process in reverse to actually stop rain forming and keep it dry over the event!

    So there we have it, not only have we created driverless cars and self-regulating ‘smart’ homes, we have now quit literally harnessed the power of rainfall… potentially. Whatever the score, and however valid these claims are, the process has been tested and it has worked whether it was going to rain anyway remains a mystery but it’s still very impressive and rather mind-blowing. The potential practical applications of such a process would be revolutionary.


    5 Animals That Get Drunk in the Wild

    Drinking is one of mankind’s oldest pastimes, steeped in rich history spanning back long before the supposed birth of Christ. Did you know that “The Star Spangled Banner” (America’s National Anthem) was actually written to the tune of an old drinking song for example? Or that the world’s oldest known recipe is one for beer?

    That’s right; alcohol has a long, long history and a great significance in mankind’s modern society – but what about in the animal kingdom? Are there animals out there that like to indulge in a little tipple themselves? Well you can rest assured, people aren’t the only living creatures to feel the wrath of a hangover! From birds going to rehab and bees getting DUIs, to monkeys stealing cocktails and scrapping with each other, here is a list of 5 animals that get drunk in the wild and how they do it.

     

    Pen-Tailed Tree Shrews & their bedtime beer nightcap.

    Pen-Tailed Tree Shrews

    In the rainforests of Malaysia lives the Pen-Tailed Tree Shrew, a small rodent no bigger than your average rat, which has a nightly thirst for fermented palm nectar. Their poison of choice has an alcoholic content very similar to that of beer, and for about two hours every night these shrews will booze it up without fail!

    Now this may sound like a drinking problem to us, but to these shrews it’s a way of life, and one they’ve lived for millennia. In fact, this has been their way of life for so long that despite the huge amounts of daily drink they consume they don’t even get drunk! Scientists believe that this mass nightly alcohol consumption is highly beneficial for the shrews, stating that they have a more adept metabolism when it comes to consuming alcohol, helping them avoid cardiovascular risk, and helping them consume more calories through the munchies!

     

    American Bats that handle alcohol better than their Egyptian cousins.

    Drunk American Bats

    Tropical bats from both Central and South America have been observed to regularly eat fermented fruits and nectar; however they are found to rarely feel the effects of the alcohol they consume. Bats navigate during flight through the use of echolocation, which is like an inbuilt sonar system they have. It was found that when they had a blood alcohol content of 0.3% (bear in mind all states in America require a driver to have a blood alcohol content of less than 0.08%) they were still able to navigate a tricky obstacle course and maze using their echolocation. It was also discovered that the bats did not slur their words, so to speak, when using their echolocation.

    However, the same study found that the same type of bats in Egypt crashed whilst navigating the same obstacle course a lot more. Whilst the true reason for this is hard to pin down, the scientists believe that the Egyptian bats have a lower tolerance to alcohol as they have less fermented fruit to eat, also saying that the American bats’ tolerance gives them a distinct evolutionary edge, allowing them to eat food untouched by other animals and remain relatively sober.

     

    Bohemian Waxwing Birds who have to go to rehab.

    Bohemian Waxwing Birds Drunk

    Bohemian Waxwing Birds are known to enjoy feasting upon the berries that grow on Rowan Trees, especially as the weather becomes cooler and the berries start to ferment. Now only some of the birds eat the berries until they’re well and truly trashed, with most of the birds just getting a little buzzed. But for those who don’t know when to stop, flying places becomes problematic – and dangerous – with a couple of drunken fatal crashes into buildings being recorded whilst under the influence. In 2014 several of these birds became so intoxicated that they were taken to an animal healthcare and treatment facility in the Yukon, Canada, in order to sober up. For those that weren’t able to recover there was another option – rehab, in the Yukon Wildlife Preserve!

     

    Bees who gets DUIs.

    Bees Get Drunk

    Getting a DUI (Driving Under the Influence) is probably the most damning driving infraction a person can get. Now imagine getting one of those for flying drunk. Bees are known to get drunk from fermented nectar, and when drunk are very dangerous flyers, often causing accidents. Some bees even get so wasted that they can’t even find their way back to the hive! But those that do make it back to the hive have it far worse. A study on drunk bees showed that when a bee returns to the hive drunk, the other bees will often block it from entering the hive until it has sobered up, sometimes attacking them in order to help them straighten themselves out! And when they’ve eventually landed they’re often grounded until they’re safe to fly again!

     

    The drunk Monkeys of St. Kitts.

    St. Kitts Drunk Monkeys

    On the Caribbean island of St. Kitts there lives a population of wild Green Vervet Monkeys that are notorious alcoholics! Way back when, the monkeys were notorious for stealing and eating the fermented sugar canes used to make rum, but as the rum industry has evolved so has the monkeys’ booze stealing methods. Now a very popular tourist destination, St. Kitts’s beaches are often full of tourists kicking back and enjoying a cocktail. However, not all those cocktails are consumed by tourists – oh no! The Green Vervet’s are notorious for stealing the cocktails of unassuming beach goers.

    A study conducted on these monkeys found that, much like us humans, the monkeys tend to split into four different categories of drinker: social drinker, steady drinker, binge drinker, and teetotaler. Most of the monkeys are social drinkers who tend to only have a moderate tipple with other monkeys, although never before lunch. 12% are steady drinkers who enjoy more than their social drinking friends, 5% are excessive boozy binge drinkers, and only a small fraction are teetotal. Those 5% that are classed as binge drinkers are notorious for stumbling about, vomiting, starting fights and binge eating until they pass out whilst under the influence! The same study also found that juvenile monkeys drink more than adults and all of the monkeys much prefer a fruity cocktail.


    Cassowary Facts – The World’s Most Dangerous Bird

    Most cassowaries will not attack unless they are provoked and feel threatened. They have been known to attack when expecting to be given food. Most of the time however, it is simply when humans attempt to get too close and the bird feels threatened and therefore feels it needs to use self-defence. Many humans who work with cassowaries or protecting them believe the birds to be very peaceful animals who just want their own space and to be respected.

    Cassowaries have also been known to attack dogs unprovoked. They also have been known to break doors and windows by pecking with their beak.

    Christopher Kofron completed a study in 1999 on 221 cases of cassowary attacks. 7 of those attacks were territorial attacks with humans, 32 were defensive with the cassowary protecting eggs or chicks. A huge 109 attacks were because humans had given the cassowaries food and then when this was stopped the cassowary became agitated.

    The cassowary can be found in New Guinea and north-eastern parts of Australia. The cassowary plays a huge part in the rainforests in north Australia. It helps to spread seeds for the plants. They are fruit-eating birds; therefore, some seeds pass through them undigested and they can help to germinate the rainforests. These seeds are sometimes moved up to half a mile. This is a great advantage to the plants and trees in the area. Some of these trees have large fruits that other animals cannot carry so to some of the trees the cassowary is its lifeline. The bird does supplement its diet with small animals, insects and frogs.

    Cassowaries live long lives. They generally live twelve to nineteen years in the wild and up to fifty in captivity. The females are larger and generally stronger than the males. However, the females are not the one to look and rear the young. Much like a penguin, the male incubates the egg for up to fifty days. They then look after the chick for up to nine months after it is born.

    The cassowary in Australia is listed as endangered. It is estimated that there are up to 2,000 left. The cassowary originally had no natural predators in the area. However, as humans have settled nearby dogs and cats often kill their young, nearby roads with passing cars have run over quite a few of these birds. The cassowary’s numbers of dwindling and due to the fact cassowaries are solitary birds it is hard for people to be able to estimate to a correct degree the number of cassowaries left in the wild, and therefore how endangered they are. The rainforests are also being cut down due timber, banana and other plantations. This does not help the bird as it is losing its habitat.

    You may be wondering how the cassowary bird got given its unusual name. there are currently two explanations for this. One explanation is that it is based on the French word ‘casque’ which means helmet. The second explanation is that it comes from the Papuan language, ‘kasu’ meaning horned and ‘weri’ meaning head. Since the birds come from Papua New Guinea it seems more likely for the second explanation to be true.

    There are lots of discussions as to whether the cassowary is related to the dinosaur. It has a very similar body shape, such as the casque on its head, it has scaly legs and is brightly coloured. It is probable that the cassowary was related to the dinosaurs however scientists are sceptical to say any modern animal is a dinosaur.

    The cassowary is a very under-rated bird. It is a beautiful peace loving bird whose home and life is being taken away from them by human activity. Is it really the world’s most dangerous bird?