The History of Ford Motor Company


1954 – American safety became more of a focus for Ford, the crash test was introduced.

1964 – Everyone’s favorite muscle car was born, the Mustang with its low price and range of variations and customizable parts made it one of the best selling cars ever.

1965 – Like the mustang the year previous, this year saw the birth of another big hitter in the Ford repertoire, a joint Ford Germany and Ford UK collaboration; the Transit.

1966 – The Ford GT40 broke Ferrari’s Le Mans domination to get the title of the first US manufacturer ever to win.

1976 – The Fiesta, the hot hatch, stole the title of the first internationally successful front wheel car. It had one of the largest development budgets and took the Mustang’s title of fastest selling car.

1981 – The Escort was born, a car designed for the world and in turn it shared parts with its European counterpart, sometimes to its downfall. It was a hit.

1988 – Ford’s earnings globally reached $5.3 billion.

1990 – Ford created another car market, the SUV, with its Explorer model.

1995 – Ford were caught in very hot water after a campaign appeared featuring a photo from a 1991 ethnic diversity advertisement with the minorities replaced with white faces. This caused a storm and the workers were compensated.

1996 – The first Ford electric vehicle was created; the Ranger Electric Vehicle. This Ranger used lead acid batteries.

1999 – Ford took control of a major rival. The brand bought Volvo, a Swedish car brand known worldwide for $6.45 billion.

2000 – Ford blamed Bridgestone for 271 deaths and not the Ford Explorer.

2002 – Ford became the center of a strong public environmental concern. Greenpeace called Ford out accusing them of not taking Global Warming seriously. Ford had to spend millions on a campaign to tackle public opinion and environmental concerns amongst its products.

2003 – The 100th anniversary of the company. As a result Ford decided to produce 5 models with a centennial edition, a model that came in “any color as long as it’s black” a nod to the Model T.

2010 – Ford secured the position as Europe’s 5th largest automaker, and announced an investment in developing the next generation of automotive; the electrical car.

2016  – The GT hit Le Mans with 66, 67, 68 and 69 numbered GT’s to commemorate the ever-impressive 4 victories 50 years before hand.

2017 – Announced in May, Ford planned to cut 10% of jobs worldwide due to lower profit and share prices.

From the humble hand-built vehicle to the multi-billion dollar automotive superpower, the story of Ford is nothing but awe-inspiring. Always at the forefront of technology and environmental consciousness, this motoring genius has unreal numbers of vehicles whipping up and down roads worldwide.

Throughout Ford’s life there always seemed to be some troubling year for the company on the horizon, and yet they always come through stronger and more established as a brand. I for one would happily own a Ford and wouldn’t doubt the quality or history of the worldwide automotive giant.


Book Review – Richistan by Robert Frank

Robert Frank’s book titled Richistan is about the lives of the new rich and those who make up the wealth boom occurring in the United States.  The book is 250 pages long and is fun to read.  While we know there are millions of millionaires in the world, Frank exposes them in completely new ways, from how they hire butlers to the silly ways in which they make their fortunes.  Frank gives us perspectives that we never think about when it comes to the self-made, rich population. 

To start the book, the author gives the reader an idea of just how many millionaires there are in the United States; about eight million as of 2003.  This number has risen drastically between 2003 and 2009.  He also goes on to define the term “Richistan,” and divides his new country into three different categories based on household net worth.  Lower Richistan consists of households worth $1 million to $10 million dollars.  Middle Richistan consists of households worth $10 million to $100 million dollars.  The elite Upper Richistanis consist of households worth $100 million to $1 billion dollars.  There are only several thousand households in the Upper Richistani category. 

Chapter one is titled, “Butler Boot Camp: Housetraining the New Rich.”  This chapter serves as a great introduction to the secret world of the new rich households.  Frank talks of butler boot camps, especially the boot camp held at the prestigious Starkey International Institute for Household Management.  Here, men and women train to simply run the households of millionaires and billionaires and get paid a ridiculous amount of money to answer to the wishes and needs of the super rich.  These butlers get paid anywhere from $75,000 dollars to well into six-figure territory.  They must know how to please the super rich, and tasks include washing high-end cars, rolling cigars, setting up home entertainment systems, and the usual services such as cooking and babysitting. 

Chapter two is titled, “The Third Wave: The Era of the Instapreneur.”  There are thousands of people who are becoming instant millionaires every year.  In fact, in 2005 there were about 227,000 new financial millionaires in the United States alone.  Robert Frank describes in this chapter the six ways that most people acquire their wealth and points out several individuals who have instantly made millions of dollars through development and sales of several large companies.  Jared Polis, for example, has developed more than a dozen companies and sold them all for more than a total of $600 million dollars. 

Chapter three is titled, “Making It: Ed Bazinet, King of the Ceramic Village.”  This chapter is devoted to those who have made fortunes in an unlikely manner.  One person mentioned in this chapter is Sydell Miller.  Ms. Miller operated a hair salon and developed a shampoo line called Matrix Essentials, which she was fortunate enough to sell to Bristol-Myers Squibb for a mere $1 billion dollars.  Then there is the chapter’s title man, Ed Bazinet, who created miniature ceramic houses and ended up mass producing them for department stores.  By taking a chance and producing his line of mini houses, he is worth over $100 million dollars.  This chapter gives you the feeling that anyone can be rich if you have the will and a good idea. 

Chapter four is titled, “Living It: Tim Blixseth.”  This chapter talks about those who love their work and make their work their life.  Men and women like Tim Blixseth do not seem to have the capability to relax; they are always thinking about business.  Tim may be on vacation or relaxing on his yacht, but he never stops working on his business.  Blixseth started in business at a young age by buying and selling timber to various other companies, and eventually started the Yellowstone Club, which charges $250,000 dollars to join and millions of dollars for the right to build a house on his land.  This ultra-exclusive club has members such as Bill Gates and Dan Quayle who want their own retreat where privacy is at a maximum.

Chapter six is titled, “Barbarians in the Ballroom: New Money vs. Old.”  Formal celebrations and balls are popular in the world of the ultra-rich.  People are invited and expected to attend, knowing that a large monetary donation to the charity of choice is mandatory.  The rich must donate large amounts of money and when they fail to donate, controversy arises.  Not only are people expected to donate up to millions of dollars at a time, but there is also controversy about who is allowed or nominated to be chairperson of these formal events.  The chapter goes on to discuss homes owned by Donald Trump and Sean Combs and how much property in various parts of the country can sell for.  This chapter is the least interesting of the book, but still gives good information on the world of the ultra-rich. 

Chapter seven is titled, “Size Really Does Matter: My Boat is Bigger than Your Boat.”  The seventh chapter is all about comparing the property and expenses of the rich versus the ultra-rich.  Mega yachts seem like standard property for a rich person these days, and boats are coming in huge sizes with all kinds of crazy options.  Some foreign leaders are having boats made that are about 500 feet long, costing over $200 million dollars to build.  The boats come with smaller boats, helicopter pads, dozens of hot tubs, swimming pools, theaters, gold-plated bathrooms, etc.  The author goes on to mention how millionaires compare cars, watches, and homes, and spend vast amounts of money just so they can have the biggest and the best. 

Chapter eight is called, “Performance Philanthropy: Giving for Results.”  This chapter is intriguing, and it discusses entrepreneurial charity.  People like Philip Berber who made a vast amount of money with an online stock trading company which he sold for nearly a half billion dollars, are finding new ways to spend their money.  Berber started Glimmer of Hope, a company which uses large amounts of money to help make the world a better place.  Other millionaires and billionaires like Michael Dell have donated millions of dollars to help Berber build schools, health clinics, waters wells, and vet clinics in countries where poverty is a severe issue.  Men and women like Berber and Dell have high hopes to heal the world and have taken the initiative to help fight poverty with the fortunes they have accumulated.

Chapter nine is titled, “Move Over, Christian Coalition: The New Political Kingmakers.”  The ninth chapter deals with the money that drives politics and campaigns.  This chapter presents how policymakers ask for money to fuel their campaigns and the differences between the techniques Republicans and Democrats use to find their much-needed money.  Four Democratic supporters in Colorado helped to elect their candidate to the House of Representatives.  Not only did this happen in Colorado and the House of Representatives, but it happens all the time in the race for President of the United States.  The Republican Party often gains large sums of money in a public manner while the Democratic Party often collects money from the ultra-rich in a more private manner.  This chapter shows that people will stop at nothing to have their candidate nominated into office, even if it means donating millions of dollars every year. 

Chapters ten and eleven are titled, “Worried Wealth: The Trouble With Money,” and, “Aristokids: We’ll Always Have Paris.”  These two chapters talk about the troubles that come with large amounts of money.  For example, more than half of America’s super-rich agree that money does not buy happiness.  Money can dominate their lives and leave little time for personal time with kids and spouses.  Money can cause such concern that millionaires have started meeting groups to discuss financial matters and meet with similar people in similar situations to get concerns out in the open.  Who better to talk about your millions of dollars with than other millionaires?  The final chapter of the book talks about the super rich children, or those who are in prime position to inherit fortunes.  Kids today are attending classes to learn about manners and living the high-life.  They also are being forced to learn about finances and what to do with millions of dollars so when they do inherit the money one day, they will not make unwise decisions and blow the money away like many of today’s celebrities and heirs/heiresses are doing. 

Overall, Richistan is an engaging and enlightening book about today’s new rich.  This book will keep you reading as you learn facts about the rich that you probably never knew.  The chapters about prestigious butlers and how “bigger is better” are especially interesting and will give you a great idea how millionaires and billionaires really live and spend their fortunes.  This book is rated 4.5 out of 5. 

Angels ángelos

Angels ángelos

Late Latin angelus < Greek ángelos <

Mystery of Angels

Late Latin angelus < Greek ángelos < Hebrew “one going” or “one sent”; messenger Angel– a word signifying, both in the Hebrew and Greek, a “messenger,” mal-awk’ From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God, aggelos ` ang’-el-os  -a messenger

The creation of Angels

Humbled by the vastness of the creation, I gazed at the various planets and stars trough the newly designed Hubble telescope. And for a moment in time I explored the universe through the Hubble’s eye, and witnessed the most dangerous, spectacular and mysterious depths of the cosmos. Entangled by thoughts of both admiration and fear, my mind recalls a scripture in the oldest book in the Holy Bible…

Job 38:4 Where were you when I created the earth? Tell me, since you know so much! Job 38:5 Who decided on its size? Certainly you’ll know that! Who came up with the blueprints and measurements?  Job 38:6 How was its foundation poured, and who set the cornerstone, Job 38:7 while the morning stars sang in chorus and all the angels shouted praise? Job 38:8 And who took charge of the ocean when it gushed forth like a baby from the womb

It struck me with an immense surprise when I realized that, long before the creation of the galaxies, or the earth, and even long before God created the sun and the stars, God created the angelic beings.These mystical beings have no blood circulation in their veins; they don’t need oxygen to stay alive, they are immortal beings with the gift of self-containing life. Each angel was created and designed for a purpose; each with a mind of greater capacity and ability than human minds. Just like humans; angels have their one personality and are capable to reason, to think and to make decisions.Each angel has a specifically assigned mission, to accomplish.

The purpose of Angels
God created angels to be servants, not only servants to God, but to the whole God family. His plan for them is to be, agents, helpers and ministers to and with the entire creation… Some superior angels are involved in the very administration and government (the kingdom) of God. Angels serve a great function in the establishing of Christ’s church, and needless to say the purpose of humanity. Some angels serve as ministers to us, helping us to understand the salvation plan of God. Other angels are here to protect us, and to guide us. Some are here to serve in the great invisible army of God, to protect humanity, from spiritual as well as physical enemies.

In some sense angels are superior to human beings.
Angels are immortal beings, and were here before the creation of the physical earth and galaxies.Therefore they know more about humanity, how we function, how we think, and how we will react….They have watched and learned all the activities of mankind and their power and knowledge is far superior to humans.
2 Peter 2:11 Even angels, their superiors in every way, wouldn’t think of throwing their weight around like that, trying to slander others before God`. Hebrews 2:7 For some little time You have ranked him lower than and inferior to the angels; You have crowned him with glory and honor and set him over the works of Your hands, [Ps. 8:4-6.] Hebrews 2:8 For You have put everything in subjection under his feet. Now in putting everything in subjection to man, He left nothing outside [of man’s] control. But at present we do not yet see all things subjected to him [man]. Hebrews 2:9 But we are able to see Jesus, Who was ranked lower than the angels for a little while, crowned with glory and honor because of His having suffered death, in order that by the grace (unmerited favor) of God [to us sinners] He might experience earth for every individual person. 
In some sense they are here as servants, and in some sense they are higher ranked than man in the invisible government of God. Their duty is to serve the creation in whichever manner God seems fit, as servants, messengers, soldiers, and even ministers to men….

Angels and their tasks

God assigned angels to look after His children
Acts 12:6 Then the time came for Herod to bring him out for the kill. That night, even though shackled to two soldiers, one on either side, Peter slept like a baby. And there were guards at the door keeping their eyes on the place. Herod was taking no chances! Acts 12:7 Suddenly there was an angel at his side and light flooding the room. The angel shook Peter and got him up: “Hurry!” The handcuffs fell off his wrists. Acts 12:8 The angel said, “Get dressed. Put on your shoes.” Peter did it. Then, “Grab your coat and let’s get out of here.” Acts 12:9 Peter followed him, but didn’t believe it was really an angel–he thought he was dreaming. Acts 12:10 Past the first guard and then the second, they came to the iron gate that led into the city. It swung open before them on its own, and they were out on the street, free as the breeze. At the first intersection the angel left him, going his own way. 
God assigned angels to protect the little children
Matthew 18:10 Beware that you do not despise or feel scornful toward or think little of one of these little ones, for I tell you that in heaven their angels always are in the presence of and look upon the face of My Father Who is in heaven. 
God assigned angels to keep us safe
Psalm 91:11 For He will give His angels [especial] charge over you to accompany and defend and preserve you in all your ways [of obedience and service]. Psalm 91:12 They shall bear you up on their hands, lest you dash your foot against a stone. 

To walk through the earth and report back to Him
Zechariah 4:10 Who [with reason] despises the day of small things? For these seven shall rejoice when they see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel. [These seven] are the eyes of the Lord which run to and fro throughout the whole earth. [Rev. 5:6.] Zechariah 4:11 Then I said to him [the angel who talked with me], What are these two olive trees on the right side of the lampstand and on the left side of it?

God assigned angels to supervise and protect the church.
Revelation 1:20 As to the hidden meaning (the mystery) of the seven stars which you saw on My right hand and the seven lampstands of gold: the seven stars are the seven angels (messengers) of the seven assemblies (churches) and the seven lampstands are the seven churches. Revelation 2:1 TO THE angel (messenger) of the assembly (church) in Ephesus write: These are the words of Him Who holds the seven stars [which are the messengers of the seven churches] in His right hand, Who goes about among the seven golden lampstands [which are the seven churches]: Revelation 2:8 And to the angel (messenger) of the assembly (church) in Smyrna write: These are the words of the First and the Last, Who died and came to life again: [Isa. 44:6.] Revelation 2:12 Then to the angel (messenger) of the assembly (church) in Pergamum write: These are the words of Him Who has and wields the sharp two-edged sword: Revelation 2:18 And to the angel (messenger) of the assembly (church) in Thyatira write: These are the words of the Son of God, Who has eyes that flash like a flame of fire, and Whose feet glow like bright and burnished and white-hot bronze: [Dan. 10:6.]

God assigned twelve angels to be gatekeepers in the New Jerusalem
Revelation 21:12 It had a massive and high wall with twelve [large] gates, and at the gates [there were stationed] twelve angels, and [on the gates] the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel were written: [Exod. 28:21; Ezek. 48:30-35.]

The angel Gabriel – sent as a messenger
Luke 1:26 Now in the sixth month [after that], the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a town of Galilee named Nazareth, Luke 1:19 and the angel replied to him, I am Gabriel. I stand in the [very] presence of God, and I have been sent to talk to you and to bring you this good news. [Dan. 8:16; 9:21.] Daniel 9:21 Yes, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the former vision, being caused to fly swiftly, came near to me and touched me about the time of the evening sacrifice. [Dan. 8:16.]

The angel Michael – the angelic prince
Daniel 11:1 ALSO I [the angel], in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I, stood up to confirm and to strengthen him [Michael, the angelic prince]. Daniel 12:1 AND AT that time [of the end] Michael shall arise, the great [angelic] prince who defends and has charge of your [Daniel’s] people. And there shall be a time of trouble, straightness, and distress such as never was since there was a nation till that time. But at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone whose name shall be found written in the Book [of God’s plan for His own]. Revelation 12:7 Then war broke out in heaven; Michael and his angels went forth to battle with the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought. 

The fallen angels…

Angels (sons of God) that have fallen because off lust.
Genesis 6:1 WHEN MEN began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, Genesis 6:2 The sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair, and they took wives of all they desired and chose. Genesis 6:3 Then the Lord said, My Spirit shall not forever dwell and strive with man, for he also is flesh; but his days shall yet be 120 years. Genesis 6:4 There were giants on the earth in those days—and also afterward–when the sons of God lived with the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown. Genesis 6:5 The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination and intention of all human thinking was only evil continually. Genesis 6:6 And the Lord regretted that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved at heart. Genesis 6:7 So the Lord said, I will destroy, blot out, and wipe away mankind, whom I have created from the face of the ground–not only man, [but] the beasts and the creeping things and the birds of the air–for it grieves Me and makes Me regretful that I have made them.

Satan’s angels that rebelled against the salvation plan of God.
Revelation 12:7 Then war broke out in heaven; Michael and his angels went forth to battle with the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought. Revelation 12:8 But they were defeated, and there was no room found for them in heaven any longer. Revelation 12:9 And the huge dragon was cast down and out—that age-old serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, he who is the seducer (deceiver) of all humanity the world over; he was forced out and down to the earth, and his angels were flung out along with him.

Interesting facts...

1. Some angels have fallen because of lust

2. Some angels rebel against the salvation plan of God and refuse to bow down to men.

3. Angels were here before the creation of the earth and before human beings.

4. They are here to serve God, and humanity.

Warm Regards

Francois Janse van Rensburg

Public Speaking

Introduction

Beebe and Beebe (2007) assert that the audience should be incorporated in all aspects of public speaking right from the choice of topic, introduction, manner of speech and even the conclusion. Audiences are quite distinct from one another. It is therefore essential to consider all the unique qualities of one’s particular audience before addressing them. The essay will examine some of the theoretical and practical aspect of public speaking in relation to the latter qualities

Chapter 5

A demographic and attitudinal analysis of a religious school of adolescents

Beebe and Beebe (2007) affirm that before one can stand before an audience to speak to them, they should have conducted a thorough background check on the members of their audience. This means that all the issues to be addressed in the speech must be customized or tailor-made for one’s audience. The latter authors believe that the audience should be the central determinants of the content, approach and presentation of the speech.

The first step towards performing an attitudinal and demographic analysis of one’s audience is to get as much information about the audience as possible. Sources may either be formal or informal. For instance, in the case of a school of adolescents, the speaker may use geographical information to form opinions about the composition of his audience. If the school is located in a culturally diverse City or town, then it is likely that the students will have similar characteristics. Additionally, the speaker can find out directly from the school administration about the nature of the students. He could also read brochures and leaflets made by the school. Besides these, he should also look for print media and books that may have mentioned the school he will be addressing. After gathering all the formal and informal pieces of information about the audience, it is the duty of the speaker to sieve out the important content and leave out the unimportant ones. This is because some pieces may be purely circumstantial. For instance, newspaper reports often record extra ordinary happenings and may not necessarily represent everyday occurrences at the school. After sieving out the trivial part of his audience’s information, a speaker should then adapt to such an audience. Sometimes a speaker may be particularly different from his audience (this is especially true given that the speaker will address a group of adolescents). Therefore, it is necessary to change one’s train of thought if it happens that the speaker belongs to another group.

A demographic audience analysis entails a wide number of issues. A public speaker must first consider the age of his audience. In this case, they are adolescents. Therefore, the speaker must refrain from using examples that do not lie within the adolescent’s life times. It is also imperative to add some humor because adolescents do not have a very high concentration span. Additionally, the speaker should find out what the gender component of his audience is. In relation to this, such a speaker must avoid assumptions and gender biased language at all times. A demographic analysis should also entail consideration of cultural, racial and ethnic components. Some cultures are holistic and it may be advisable to talk about issues in a collective way. On the other hand, some cultures value authoritative speakers while others may prefer a down to earth-low-profile speaker. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

An attitudinal analysis entails examination of the what the audience’s attitudes, values and beliefs. It is also important to consider the audience’s attitudes towards the topic of conversation. Adolescents may find academic topics dull and it is up to the speaker to liven it up or make it more interesting.

Sometimes, the audiences attitudes may be affected by prevailing situations. For instance, the speech may be given during parent’s day thus prompting the need for a different approach. Sometimes, it may necessary to consider the size of the school audience. The speaker may be addresed group of ten students or the entire school. The tone, presentation and content will differ in either circumstances.

Chapter 10

Significance of introductory part of the speech

The five purposes of the introductory speech are as follows;

  • To establish credibility of the speaker
  • To capture the audience’s attention
  • To give an introduction to the subject
  • To justify why the audience should listen to the speech
  • To summarize the subsequent ideas

The introductory part of the speech allows members of the audience a chance to understand why they have come to listen to a certain speaker. If the speaker’s introductory paragraph is clear, valid and relevant, then chances are that the audience will respect the speaker as a credible authority in his field. Speakers can achieve this objective by giving the audience some interesting facts about the topic at hand. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

An introduction gives the audience an idea of what to expect in the rest of the speech. It can be seen as a form of ‘first impression’. If the first impression is poor, then the speaker will have lost the chance to connect with his audience. Consequently, a good introduction allows the speaker to capture the attention of his listeners and may act as a platform for sustaining their attention throughout the speech. A speaker can achieve this by using famous quotations, giving humorous comments or referring to local events and situations.

It is also important to guide the audience through what one will be addressing in the rest of the speech. This means that the introduction should contain a summary of the main points to be addressed in the speech. It would be very hectic if an audience can find no link between the initial remarks in the speech with the rest of the utterances. Speakers who discuss new topics without highlighting them at the onset may make it difficult for their audience to follow what they are saying.

An audience is required to take up a passive role; this is particularly challenging for most individuals. Consequently, it is the duty of the speaker to ensure that he gives his audience a reason for listening to him. The most appropriate moment for doing this is at the beginning of the speech in the introduction.

Lastly, the introductory part of the speech also gives the speaker an opportunity to elaborate about his subject matter. This is the point where a speaker gives definitions and provides a rough idea of what the subject is all about. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

Chapter 17

Ways of motivating listeners

Listeners can be motivated through our ways;

-Negative motivation

-Positive motivation

-Utilizing listener’s needs

-Utilizing dissonance

Negative motivation can work for particular audiences while it may not work or others. For instance, when a speaker talks about the negative consequences of his chosen topic, it may attract the listener’s attention more than if he simply spoke in the affirmative. Such an approach is particularly effective when dealing with social issues. Revealing negative statistics about teenage pregnancies may be more efficient than just telling the audience to avoid it.

Positive motivation normally works in academic or career related speeches. For instance, if a professional is giving a career talk to a group of undergraduates, it may be wise to use positive motivation by reinforcing the good that comes out of choosing the speaker’s career path.

Public speakers can motivate their audience by including some of the needs faced by their listeners. Human beings always respond to familiar situations. Therefore, if a speaker seems to be touching on these needs, then chances are the audience will be endeared to the speaker. For instance, speakers can address some of the security needs facing the audience. It may also be appropriate to use physiological needs. Listeners always have an inherent idea of what they would like an ideal speaker to look like. It would greatly help the speaker if he tried fitting into that profile. Some members of the audience may also have underlying self esteem issues. Therefore, if a speaker seems to portray high self esteem when the audience is in need of it, then chances are that he will persuade the listeners. Speakers also need to utilize the social needs that their audience may be facing. They need to understand the fact that the audience may have family or health issues and these need to be taken into account. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

Lastly, a speaker may utilize dissonance. Here, the speaker will be creating some sort of conflict between his audience and himself. By doing this, the speech will not seem as attempt to win the audience over, instead it will challenge them mentally. This approach uses the concept of reverse psychologically to persuade listeners.

Conclusion

There are some theoretical concepts that govern speech making. If used appropriately, they can enhance the ability of a public speaker to reach to his audience. Beebe and Beebe (2007) assert that this can only be possible if the speaker focuses on the nature of the audience. Such an approach goes along way in ensuring effective communication.

Reference

Beebe, S. & Beebe, S. (2007): Public speaking; an audience centre approach; Allyn and Bacon Puclishers

20 facts about Chile

Chile is a marvelous country that placed between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains. Drawing more clearly picture of the county, you should be acknowledged with the historical and cultural facts that are fascinating.

  • Geographically, Chile borders with Bolivia, Argentina to the East and Peru in the North.
  • Volcanos, natural lakes, amazing forests are belong to Northern part of Chile.
  • People are believed that the first inhabitants of the country were the Native American more than 10, 000 years ago.
  • Michelle Bachelet Jeria is known as the first woman president who was elected in January 2006.
  • Chile is not the largest country in the world but it takes a half of Japan.
  • According to scientist’s prediction, the population of Chile is going to be more than 20.2 million people by 2050 year.
  • Almost 10 % of the population is indigenous people, but only a small half of them speak the native language, the most widely language is Spanish.

More than 840, 000 native citizens left the country, some of them are living in Argentina, others in Australia. Chile cannot be complete without football, it is considered the most popular sport activity, the second one is tennis and horse-riding as well. The country won 2 gold medals in tennis. In addition, Chile won 6 silver medals in boxing, shooting and athletics as well. The tourism sphere is rapidly growing. Since the latest data, it filled the budget around $US4.5 billion.

Chileans believe in God, and the main religion is Catholicism. Atacama that can be found in Chile is the largest dessert over the world. Lake Chungara is known as the highest lakes above sea level in the world. Vina del Mar is known as the hottest destination for tourists over the world. The Andes Mountains that placed in Chile are the largest one in the world and still have active volcanos.

The ring on the left hand means married person, while on the right hand has the meaning engaged. This fact is slightly different from others countries but amazing.
Family values play a vital role in Chilean culture and lifestyle.
Clothing and personal appearance are very important as it can show which class you belong to. So, while you are in Chile, you should be well-dressed in order to make good impressions on local people.

Generally speaking, Chileans are affectionate people and friendly but at some occasion; especially at business meeting they are conversant, strict, and formal.

Top Health Benefits of Apples

The health benefits of apples are significant and who doesn’t love the taste of a freshly picked apple, or a warm apple pie in the fall? We all remember the saying “An apple a day keeps the doctor away!”. Aside from being a memorable childhood rhyme, it is based on the fact that apples have great health benefits and an interesting history to go with it.

A Short History of Apples

In the springtime, apple trees are filled with blossoming flowers. In the autumn, the flowers begin to fall off and the fruit begins to grow. Orchard owners can look forward to each year’s crop being more plentiful than the last with the proper pollination and fertilization.

Despite their affiliation with symbolizing America, the apple actually originated in Asia. It’s believed that apples predate other types of fruit tress that were being grown and harvested to provide food. The Romans were the first to take the earliest version of apples, which were small and didn’t taste very good, and turned them into something similar to what we eat today with cross pollination. Roman and American botanists both worked to create several new varieties, and today there are over 7,500 varieties of the tasty fall fruit across the world.

Apples were brought to America by colonists. Bringing trees on a long voyage across the sea from England was not something that was practiced, so instead they brought seeds.

Johnny Appleseed was an American folk hero. He has the most memorable story of apple cultivation and because of him the apple industry flourished. He made it his life’s work to spread the taste, beauty and knowledge of the apple to people all across America. He taught the people to grow their own trees and how to tend their apple orchards. He helped to make apples a readily available food for people of the time.

Apple Trivia

The apple has a long history and is associated and grown in many cultures worldwide. Here are a few fun facts about one of our best loved fruits:

  • There is evidence found by archeologists that suggest apples were being eaten as far back as 6500 B.C.
  • There are about 2500 varieties grown in the United States, 7500 grown in the world.
  • China produces the most apples in the world.
  • The apple is the official fruit of West Virginia, New York, Rhode Island and Washington.
  • The largest apple ever picked weighed 3 pounds and 2 ounces.
  • 65 apples per year are eaten by the average person.
  • 25% of an apples volume is air, therefore it can float.
  • The crabapple is the only apple native to North America.

Apple Nutrition

One medium apple is the recommended serving size and it contains about 65 calories. Apples contain Vitamin A, Calcium and Iron all at about 1% of your daily recommended intake. Vitamin C can be found in a medium apple at 10% of your daily intake. One apple also provides 12% of what is recommended daily for dietary fiber.

Health Benefits of Apples

There are many facets to the health benefits of apples. For example, they contain large amounts of vitamins and minerals that strengthen the blood. The skin of an apple contains pectin. Pectin can help remove toxic substances from the system by supplying galacturonic acid. This is used to help prevent protein matter in the intestine from spoiling.

Specifically, apples can be used to help in the treatment and prevention of some illnesses. Some of these include asthma. Studies have shown children with asthma that drink apple juice daily suffered less wheezing than those with asthma that don’t drink apple juice regularly.

Researchers believe that the high levels of the flavonoids quercetin and naringin in apples may have a beneficial effect in inhibiting the formation of cancer. When rats were tested it was found that the risk of breast cancer was lessened by 17 percent when just one apple per day was eaten. Further studies showed rats fed three apples reduced risks up to 39 percent and when fed six apples per day lessened the risk by an amazing 44 percent. Another research linked to cancer was that of extract from an apple’s skin. It was found that rats fed the extract from the apple skin reduced their risk of liver cancer by 57 percent.

Researchers have also found that a flavanoid called phloridzin, that is found only in apples, may protect woman with menopause from the onset of osteoporosis. Phloridzin also increases bone density. Another ingredient found in apples that increases bone density is boron.

Apples are also useful in the management of diabetes. Galacturonic acid, found in apples, lowers the body’s need for insulin. Eaten in moderation, apples can be a real treat for somebody living with diabetes because of the limited choices in the diet, it can be the solution to a sweet tooth. The pectin in apples, which is where the galaturonic acid is derived from, can also help lower “bad” cholesterol by as much as 16 percent, when two apples per day are eaten regularly.

Eating Apples

Aside from being one of the tastiest fruits available, apples can be prepared in so many ways. An apple by itself is a great treat. Now take that apple, cut it into slices, sprinkle some sugar, brown sugar and butter on it, top with a crumbly topping of oats, raisins and nuts, bake at 350 degrees for about 20 minutes and you got yourself apple crisp. A wonderful fall snack. A traditional way to prepare apples is in a pie. Nothing can beat a fresh baked apple pie anytime of the year. Don’t forget about caramel apples. Simply melt some caramel in a double boiler, insert a stick into the middle of the apple and submerge into the caramel. This is a great smack and fun to prepare with the kids. Babies are not left out of experiencing apples either. Although taking a big bite out of an apple is not going to happen for a baby with no teeth, applesauce is a staple of a baby’s diet.

Summary

The list of health benefits of apples goes on and on, these are just a few. Apples are an all around great food. They provide vitamins and minerals your body needs, help in the prevention and treatment of some specific illnesses and let us not forget how amazing they taste in all the variety of ways that an apple can be prepared. The health benefits of apples not only adds weight to the saying that an apple a day keeps the doctor away, but also bring a smile to your face when you bite into the familiar fruit that has been a part of so many of our lives since childhood.strong

Saraswati Puja

Saraswati Pooja – a time to understand and appreciate the blessing of being educated.

The beginning of spring or the month of magha celebrates Saraswati Pooja – a festival where the goddess of knowledge and creative arts is worshipped across the country. Saraswati Puja will be celebrated on February 8.

She is venerated as a guardian deity in Buddhism who upholds the teachings of Gautam Buddha by offering protection and assistance to practitioners along their spiritual path towards liberation. Saraswati is also known in Japan as Benzaiten.

It is interesting to know how the various adornments of the idol of the deity have a message worthy of reflection though they are based on mythology.

1. Goddess Saraswati endows human beings with the powers of speech, wisdom and learning.
Are we using our gift of speech to connect to our loved ones?
Are we learning anything for the pleasure of learning itself?
2. She plays the music of love and life on a string instrument called the veena.
Have we made any effort to connect to our rich cultural heritage, have we introduced our children to it yet?
3. She has sacred scriptures in one hand and a lotus – the symbol of true knowledge – in another.
Are we sincere in seeking knowledge or are we content in finding quick answers?
4. She is dressed in white, which stands for purity. She rides on a white swan. It is believed that the sacred bird, if offered a mixture of milk and water, is able to drink the milk alone and leave the water behind. It thus symbolizes discrimination between the good and the bad or the everlasting and the temporary.

Do we distinguish between things which cause positive or negative impact in our lives and actively steer away from the latter?

Are our efforts towards achieving things of immediate value or eternal worth?
Knowledge is infinite, so is our ability to learn. The irony is, that our education is limiting. We learn only what we are taught. Formal education is a methodical effort towards learning facts and it focuses on career mindedness and career advancement. It teaches us how to make a living. But does it teach us to live well? Have we come to unwittingly accept literacy for education? To find identity, meaning, and purpose and manage life’s complexities we need the consciousness of a finer being – for which we must learn of our own accord.

The home is the first school where education and learning take root. As parents, we must strive to inspire our children towards scientific reason, fine arts, sports training and other learning which go beyond course books. It is our duty to teach children practical lessons in honesty, discipline, patience, self-control, humility, etiquette; all of which is important to character building. An evolved human being is not the product of a premier institution, but a sublime blend of the environment and culture of his home and education system.

We must ask if our education has:

* liberated us from primitive superstition and is protecting us from the corrosion of material greed?
* taught us the importance of excellence and not merely strive for better grades?
* made us fair in our deeds and impels us to never fall in the trap of the temptation of taking the easier way out.
* enabled us to become morally responsible citizens, sensitive and adaptive to our surroundings?

The answers to the questions are not as important as the fundamental act of asking them to ourselves. For in it lie the beginning of self-evaluation and self-exploration. It gives us a sense of how far we have come and where we are headed. It tells us if were justifying the privileges we enjoy as educated people. Most importantly, it tells us how much more we need to learn. Because, when we are finished learning, we are finished living altogether.
http://thinklink.in/saraswati-puja

Public Speaking

Introduction

Beebe and Beebe (2007) assert that the audience should be incorporated in all aspects of public speaking right from the choice of topic, introduction, manner of speech and even the conclusion. Audiences are quite distinct from one another. It is therefore essential to consider all the unique qualities of one’s particular audience before addressing them. The essay will examine some of the theoretical and practical aspect of public speaking in relation to the latter qualities

Chapter 5

A demographic and attitudinal analysis of a religious school of adolescents

Beebe and Beebe (2007) affirm that before one can stand before an audience to speak to them, they should have conducted a thorough background check on the members of their audience. This means that all the issues to be addressed in the speech must be customized or tailor-made for one’s audience. The latter authors believe that the audience should be the central determinants of the content, approach and presentation of the speech.

The first step towards performing an attitudinal and demographic analysis of one’s audience is to get as much information about the audience as possible. Sources may either be formal or informal. For instance, in the case of a school of adolescents, the speaker may use geographical information to form opinions about the composition of his audience. If the school is located in a culturally diverse City or town, then it is likely that the students will have similar characteristics. Additionally, the speaker can find out directly from the school administration about the nature of the students. He could also read brochures and leaflets made by the school. Besides these, he should also look for print media and books that may have mentioned the school he will be addressing. After gathering all the formal and informal pieces of information about the audience, it is the duty of the speaker to sieve out the important content and leave out the unimportant ones. This is because some pieces may be purely circumstantial. For instance, newspaper reports often record extra ordinary happenings and may not necessarily represent everyday occurrences at the school. After sieving out the trivial part of his audience’s information, a speaker should then adapt to such an audience. Sometimes a speaker may be particularly different from his audience (this is especially true given that the speaker will address a group of adolescents). Therefore, it is necessary to change one’s train of thought if it happens that the speaker belongs to another group.

A demographic audience analysis entails a wide number of issues. A public speaker must first consider the age of his audience. In this case, they are adolescents. Therefore, the speaker must refrain from using examples that do not lie within the adolescent’s life times. It is also imperative to add some humor because adolescents do not have a very high concentration span. Additionally, the speaker should find out what the gender component of his audience is. In relation to this, such a speaker must avoid assumptions and gender biased language at all times. A demographic analysis should also entail consideration of cultural, racial and ethnic components. Some cultures are holistic and it may be advisable to talk about issues in a collective way. On the other hand, some cultures value authoritative speakers while others may prefer a down to earth-low-profile speaker. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

An attitudinal analysis entails examination of the what the audience’s attitudes, values and beliefs. It is also important to consider the audience’s attitudes towards the topic of conversation. Adolescents may find academic topics dull and it is up to the speaker to liven it up or make it more interesting.

Sometimes, the audiences attitudes may be affected by prevailing situations. For instance, the speech may be given during parent’s day thus prompting the need for a different approach. Sometimes, it may necessary to consider the size of the school audience. The speaker may be addresed group of ten students or the entire school. The tone, presentation and content will differ in either circumstances.

Chapter 10

Significance of introductory part of the speech

The five purposes of the introductory speech are as follows;

  • To establish credibility of the speaker
  • To capture the audience’s attention
  • To give an introduction to the subject
  • To justify why the audience should listen to the speech
  • To summarize the subsequent ideas

The introductory part of the speech allows members of the audience a chance to understand why they have come to listen to a certain speaker. If the speaker’s introductory paragraph is clear, valid and relevant, then chances are that the audience will respect the speaker as a credible authority in his field. Speakers can achieve this objective by giving the audience some interesting facts about the topic at hand. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

An introduction gives the audience an idea of what to expect in the rest of the speech. It can be seen as a form of ‘first impression’. If the first impression is poor, then the speaker will have lost the chance to connect with his audience. Consequently, a good introduction allows the speaker to capture the attention of his listeners and may act as a platform for sustaining their attention throughout the speech. A speaker can achieve this by using famous quotations, giving humorous comments or referring to local events and situations.

It is also important to guide the audience through what one will be addressing in the rest of the speech. This means that the introduction should contain a summary of the main points to be addressed in the speech. It would be very hectic if an audience can find no link between the initial remarks in the speech with the rest of the utterances. Speakers who discuss new topics without highlighting them at the onset may make it difficult for their audience to follow what they are saying.

An audience is required to take up a passive role; this is particularly challenging for most individuals. Consequently, it is the duty of the speaker to ensure that he gives his audience a reason for listening to him. The most appropriate moment for doing this is at the beginning of the speech in the introduction.

Lastly, the introductory part of the speech also gives the speaker an opportunity to elaborate about his subject matter. This is the point where a speaker gives definitions and provides a rough idea of what the subject is all about. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

Chapter 17

Ways of motivating listeners

Listeners can be motivated through our ways;

-Negative motivation

-Positive motivation

-Utilizing listener’s needs

-Utilizing dissonance

Negative motivation can work for particular audiences while it may not work or others. For instance, when a speaker talks about the negative consequences of his chosen topic, it may attract the listener’s attention more than if he simply spoke in the affirmative. Such an approach is particularly effective when dealing with social issues. Revealing negative statistics about teenage pregnancies may be more efficient than just telling the audience to avoid it.

Positive motivation normally works in academic or career related speeches. For instance, if a professional is giving a career talk to a group of undergraduates, it may be wise to use positive motivation by reinforcing the good that comes out of choosing the speaker’s career path.

Public speakers can motivate their audience by including some of the needs faced by their listeners. Human beings always respond to familiar situations. Therefore, if a speaker seems to be touching on these needs, then chances are the audience will be endeared to the speaker. For instance, speakers can address some of the security needs facing the audience. It may also be appropriate to use physiological needs. Listeners always have an inherent idea of what they would like an ideal speaker to look like. It would greatly help the speaker if he tried fitting into that profile. Some members of the audience may also have underlying self esteem issues. Therefore, if a speaker seems to portray high self esteem when the audience is in need of it, then chances are that he will persuade the listeners. Speakers also need to utilize the social needs that their audience may be facing. They need to understand the fact that the audience may have family or health issues and these need to be taken into account. (Beebe and Beebe, 2007)

Lastly, a speaker may utilize dissonance. Here, the speaker will be creating some sort of conflict between his audience and himself. By doing this, the speech will not seem as attempt to win the audience over, instead it will challenge them mentally. This approach uses the concept of reverse psychologically to persuade listeners.

Conclusion

There are some theoretical concepts that govern speech making. If used appropriately, they can enhance the ability of a public speaker to reach to his audience. Beebe and Beebe (2007) assert that this can only be possible if the speaker focuses on the nature of the audience. Such an approach goes along way in ensuring effective communication.

Reference

Beebe, S. & Beebe, S. (2007): Public speaking; an audience centre approach; Allyn and Bacon Puclishers

Angels ángelos

Angels ángelos

Late Latin angelus < Greek ángelos <

Mystery of Angels

Late Latin angelus < Greek ángelos < Hebrew “one going” or “one sent”; messenger Angel– a word signifying, both in the Hebrew and Greek, a “messenger,” mal-awk’ From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God, aggelos ` ang’-el-os  -a messenger

The creation of Angels

Humbled by the vastness of the creation, I gazed at the various planets and stars trough the newly designed Hubble telescope. And for a moment in time I explored the universe through the Hubble’s eye, and witnessed the most dangerous, spectacular and mysterious depths of the cosmos. Entangled by thoughts of both admiration and fear, my mind recalls a scripture in the oldest book in the Holy Bible…

Job 38:4 Where were you when I created the earth? Tell me, since you know so much! Job 38:5 Who decided on its size? Certainly you’ll know that! Who came up with the blueprints and measurements?  Job 38:6 How was its foundation poured, and who set the cornerstone, Job 38:7 while the morning stars sang in chorus and all the angels shouted praise? Job 38:8 And who took charge of the ocean when it gushed forth like a baby from the womb

It struck me with an immense surprise when I realized that, long before the creation of the galaxies, or the earth, and even long before God created the sun and the stars, God created the angelic beings.These mystical beings have no blood circulation in their veins; they don’t need oxygen to stay alive, they are immortal beings with the gift of self-containing life. Each angel was created and designed for a purpose; each with a mind of greater capacity and ability than human minds. Just like humans; angels have their one personality and are capable to reason, to think and to make decisions.Each angel has a specifically assigned mission, to accomplish.

The purpose of Angels
God created angels to be servants, not only servants to God, but to the whole God family. His plan for them is to be, agents, helpers and ministers to and with the entire creation… Some superior angels are involved in the very administration and government (the kingdom) of God. Angels serve a great function in the establishing of Christ’s church, and needless to say the purpose of humanity. Some angels serve as ministers to us, helping us to understand the salvation plan of God. Other angels are here to protect us, and to guide us. Some are here to serve in the great invisible army of God, to protect humanity, from spiritual as well as physical enemies.

In some sense angels are superior to human beings.
Angels are immortal beings, and were here before the creation of the physical earth and galaxies.Therefore they know more about humanity, how we function, how we think, and how we will react….They have watched and learned all the activities of mankind and their power and knowledge is far superior to humans.
2 Peter 2:11 Even angels, their superiors in every way, wouldn’t think of throwing their weight around like that, trying to slander others before God`. Hebrews 2:7 For some little time You have ranked him lower than and inferior to the angels; You have crowned him with glory and honor and set him over the works of Your hands, [Ps. 8:4-6.] Hebrews 2:8 For You have put everything in subjection under his feet. Now in putting everything in subjection to man, He left nothing outside [of man’s] control. But at present we do not yet see all things subjected to him [man]. Hebrews 2:9 But we are able to see Jesus, Who was ranked lower than the angels for a little while, crowned with glory and honor because of His having suffered death, in order that by the grace (unmerited favor) of God [to us sinners] He might experience earth for every individual person. 
In some sense they are here as servants, and in some sense they are higher ranked than man in the invisible government of God. Their duty is to serve the creation in whichever manner God seems fit, as servants, messengers, soldiers, and even ministers to men….

Angels and their tasks

God assigned angels to look after His children
Acts 12:6 Then the time came for Herod to bring him out for the kill. That night, even though shackled to two soldiers, one on either side, Peter slept like a baby. And there were guards at the door keeping their eyes on the place. Herod was taking no chances! Acts 12:7 Suddenly there was an angel at his side and light flooding the room. The angel shook Peter and got him up: “Hurry!” The handcuffs fell off his wrists. Acts 12:8 The angel said, “Get dressed. Put on your shoes.” Peter did it. Then, “Grab your coat and let’s get out of here.” Acts 12:9 Peter followed him, but didn’t believe it was really an angel–he thought he was dreaming. Acts 12:10 Past the first guard and then the second, they came to the iron gate that led into the city. It swung open before them on its own, and they were out on the street, free as the breeze. At the first intersection the angel left him, going his own way. 
God assigned angels to protect the little children
Matthew 18:10 Beware that you do not despise or feel scornful toward or think little of one of these little ones, for I tell you that in heaven their angels always are in the presence of and look upon the face of My Father Who is in heaven. 
God assigned angels to keep us safe
Psalm 91:11 For He will give His angels [especial] charge over you to accompany and defend and preserve you in all your ways [of obedience and service]. Psalm 91:12 They shall bear you up on their hands, lest you dash your foot against a stone. 

To walk through the earth and report back to Him
Zechariah 4:10 Who [with reason] despises the day of small things? For these seven shall rejoice when they see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel. [These seven] are the eyes of the Lord which run to and fro throughout the whole earth. [Rev. 5:6.] Zechariah 4:11 Then I said to him [the angel who talked with me], What are these two olive trees on the right side of the lampstand and on the left side of it?

God assigned angels to supervise and protect the church.
Revelation 1:20 As to the hidden meaning (the mystery) of the seven stars which you saw on My right hand and the seven lampstands of gold: the seven stars are the seven angels (messengers) of the seven assemblies (churches) and the seven lampstands are the seven churches. Revelation 2:1 TO THE angel (messenger) of the assembly (church) in Ephesus write: These are the words of Him Who holds the seven stars [which are the messengers of the seven churches] in His right hand, Who goes about among the seven golden lampstands [which are the seven churches]: Revelation 2:8 And to the angel (messenger) of the assembly (church) in Smyrna write: These are the words of the First and the Last, Who died and came to life again: [Isa. 44:6.] Revelation 2:12 Then to the angel (messenger) of the assembly (church) in Pergamum write: These are the words of Him Who has and wields the sharp two-edged sword: Revelation 2:18 And to the angel (messenger) of the assembly (church) in Thyatira write: These are the words of the Son of God, Who has eyes that flash like a flame of fire, and Whose feet glow like bright and burnished and white-hot bronze: [Dan. 10:6.]

God assigned twelve angels to be gatekeepers in the New Jerusalem
Revelation 21:12 It had a massive and high wall with twelve [large] gates, and at the gates [there were stationed] twelve angels, and [on the gates] the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel were written: [Exod. 28:21; Ezek. 48:30-35.]

The angel Gabriel – sent as a messenger
Luke 1:26 Now in the sixth month [after that], the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a town of Galilee named Nazareth, Luke 1:19 and the angel replied to him, I am Gabriel. I stand in the [very] presence of God, and I have been sent to talk to you and to bring you this good news. [Dan. 8:16; 9:21.] Daniel 9:21 Yes, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the former vision, being caused to fly swiftly, came near to me and touched me about the time of the evening sacrifice. [Dan. 8:16.]

The angel Michael – the angelic prince
Daniel 11:1 ALSO I [the angel], in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I, stood up to confirm and to strengthen him [Michael, the angelic prince]. Daniel 12:1 AND AT that time [of the end] Michael shall arise, the great [angelic] prince who defends and has charge of your [Daniel’s] people. And there shall be a time of trouble, straightness, and distress such as never was since there was a nation till that time. But at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone whose name shall be found written in the Book [of God’s plan for His own]. Revelation 12:7 Then war broke out in heaven; Michael and his angels went forth to battle with the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought. 

The fallen angels…

Angels (sons of God) that have fallen because off lust.
Genesis 6:1 WHEN MEN began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, Genesis 6:2 The sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair, and they took wives of all they desired and chose. Genesis 6:3 Then the Lord said, My Spirit shall not forever dwell and strive with man, for he also is flesh; but his days shall yet be 120 years. Genesis 6:4 There were giants on the earth in those days—and also afterward–when the sons of God lived with the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown. Genesis 6:5 The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination and intention of all human thinking was only evil continually. Genesis 6:6 And the Lord regretted that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved at heart. Genesis 6:7 So the Lord said, I will destroy, blot out, and wipe away mankind, whom I have created from the face of the ground–not only man, [but] the beasts and the creeping things and the birds of the air–for it grieves Me and makes Me regretful that I have made them.

Satan’s angels that rebelled against the salvation plan of God.
Revelation 12:7 Then war broke out in heaven; Michael and his angels went forth to battle with the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought. Revelation 12:8 But they were defeated, and there was no room found for them in heaven any longer. Revelation 12:9 And the huge dragon was cast down and out—that age-old serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, he who is the seducer (deceiver) of all humanity the world over; he was forced out and down to the earth, and his angels were flung out along with him.

Interesting facts...

1. Some angels have fallen because of lust

2. Some angels rebel against the salvation plan of God and refuse to bow down to men.

3. Angels were here before the creation of the earth and before human beings.

4. They are here to serve God, and humanity.

Warm Regards

Francois Janse van Rensburg

What you need to know about the human body

1. You can see if there is something wrong in the body by just examining the tongue.
Thus, you need to care for your tongue since it is where your health problems are visible. The tongue serves as a holographic representation of the vital parts of our body and shows all the details in just distinctive coloration. You can expect the normal and healthy tongue to have a bright red color and thin white film surrounding it. When you noticed that the tongue changes color from the normal pale red to very pale, dark red, purple or blue it is a clear picture of pathological changes in the body. The body also shows information about its health by changing the shape of the tongue. Simply by examining the thin film around the tongue, you can already tell if the person is freezing or warm and if he or she is having a disease that lacks or is deficient of something.

2. Our fingernails can be as hard and durable as a bird’s beak.
Our nails are made out of the same substance as that of the bird’s beak. It is actually made out of protein called keratin that forms plates called rhamphotheca. Just like the bird’s beak, the edges are also sharp and commonly used to cut things. In the same manner, the growth of the nails is also the same with the growth rate of the bird beak.

3. Your big toes have two bones each while the rest have three
The bones that you have in your fingers and in your toes are called Phalanges. As previously stated, the big toes have two bones while the rest have three. The bones in the toes are actually arrange exactly. The size and height of all the other fingers are almost the same as compared to that of the big toes. For you to check on the number of bones your fingers have, you can just bend it. You will then know that the toes are different from the others. When it comes to your toes, you only have two bones as compared to the rest which is three.

4. The brain becomes hyper while you sleep
It is found out that the brain is active at night. Your sleeping time will be your brain’s overtime as it processes all data you have gathered in the day. We take a lot more brainpower when we sleep. The dreams as well as the nightmares that we have are actually created by the brain. The body’s neuronal system that is in charge of managing neurons is the one that handles the sleep and wake of the body. It stretches from the medulla, throughout the brainstem and hypothalamus and finally reaching up into the basal forebrain. This would then make the brain work while the body sleeps.

5. Your thigh bones are known to be stronger than concrete

The human bones are much stronger than any concrete. Of course, since the thighs have the biggest bones it should have the strongest as well as the biggest. The knees and the hip are connected by these bones. At the same time, it also supports the weight of the whole body.